The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

Vertigo in Children and Adolescents: Characteristics and Outcome

Table 3

Previous studies on dizziness and vertigo in children and adolescents.

Number of patientsMost common etiologies

Peripheral vestibulopathy29%
O’Reilly et al., 2011 [10]132MAV/BPVC24%
Developmental delay11%

Labyrinthitis/neuritis22%
Szirmai, 2010 [9]145MAV19%
Panic or anxiety disorder17%

MAV25%
Wiener-Vacher, 2008 [26]>2000BPVC20%
Trauma10%

Viral infections28%
Balatsouras et al., 2007 [23]54MAV20%
BPVC17%

BPVC21%
Niemensivu et al., 2007 [13]24MAV17%
Otitis media17%

MAV34%
Erbek et al., 2006 [6]50BPVC12%
Psychogenic vertigo10%

BPVC19%
119MAV14%
Riina et al., 2005 [14]Vestibular neuritis12%
Otitis media10%
Psychogenic vertigo5%

55MAV31%
Choung et al. 2003 [12]BPVC26%
Trauma7%

Otitis media15%
Bower and Cotton, 1995 [15]34BPVC15%
MAV12%

MAV: migraine-associated vertigo.
BPVC: benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood.

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