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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 167520, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/167520
Research Article

Obesity Is a Marker of Reduction in QoL and Disability

1Department of Internal Medicine, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Piancavallo, 28824 Verbania, Italy
2Clinical Psychology, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Piancavallo, 28824 Verbania, Italy
3Department of Medical Sciences and Rehabilitation, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, 20145 Milan, Italy
4Neurology, Public Health and Disability Unit, Neurological Institute C. Besta IRCCS Foundation, 20133 Milan, Italy

Received 27 October 2011; Accepted 8 December 2011

Academic Editor: Lewis Kuller

Copyright © 2012 Anna Sirtori et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to verify the association between outcome measures of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and disability, BMI, gender, and age. Adult obese patients were clustered using HRQoL (IWQoL-Lite) and disability (WHO-DAS II) scores into three groups: mild, moderate, and high. One-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc test was used to evaluate differences in age and BMI between subjects from different clusters, contingency coefficient to test the relationship between cluster groups and gender. In total, 117 patients were enrolled: subjects with higher disability and HRQoL decrement were older and had higher BMI. Women were more likely to present moderate disability and reduction in HRQoL, while men more likely presented mild disability and HRQoL reduction. Our data further confirm the connection between disability and HRQoL, high BMI and older age. These data obtained with outcomes measures might better address rehabilitation programs.