The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Polyvascular Disease in Patients Presenting with Acute Coronary Syndrome: Its Predictors and Outcomes

Table 1

Risk factors and clinical and laboratory findings in patients with acute coronary syndrome with and without polyvascular disease.

ACS alone ( 𝑛 = 7 2 6 1 )Polyvascular disease ( 𝑛 = 4 2 8 )P value

Age 5 6 ± 1 2 6 2 ± 1 2 0.001
Female20310.001
Diabetes mellitus38670.001
Hypertension45.3780.001
Dyslipidemia36550.001
Smoking54450.001
Renal failure3140.001
Prior coronary artery disease39640.001
Prior revascularization11250.001
Khat chewing19200.92

Clinical presentation
Atypical presentation ACS15280.001
Heart rate 8 4 ± 2 0 9 0 ± 2 2 0.001
Systolic blood pressure 1 3 5 ± 2 9 1 4 0 ± 3 5 0.01
Diastolic blood pressure 8 1 ± 1 7 7 9 ± 2 0 0.02
Unstable angina2424
Non-STEMI29450.001
STEMI4731
Killip class > 121450.001
Low GRACE risk score4119 0.001
High GRACE risk score2043

Laboratory findings
Fasting blood sugar (mmol/L) 7 . 3 ± 3 8 . 1 ± 3 0.001
First hemoglobin (g/dL) 1 3 . 7 ± 2 1 2 . 5 ± 2 0.001
Serum creatinine (umol/L) 1 0 0 ± 7 2 1 3 0 ± 1 1 0 0.001
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 7 . 6 ± 2 . 4 8 ± 2 . 4 0.15
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4 . 9 ± 1 . 6 4 . 4 ± 1 . 6 0.001
Serum triglyceride (mmol/L) 1 . 8 ± 1 . 1 1 . 6 ± 0 . 8 0.001
Low-density lipoprotein 3 . 2 ± 1 . 3 2 . 8 ± 1 . 2 0.001
High-density lipoprotein 1 . 0 5 ± 0 . 5 0 . 9 9 ± 0 . 4 0.01
Peak troponin T 1 . 4 ± 0 . 7 1 . 3 ± 0 . 6 0.02
LV ejection fraction <50%73850.001
1-vessel CAD29480.001
2-vessel CAD25180.12
3-vessel CAD30170.004

All categorical and continuous variables are given in percent and mean ± SD, respectively.

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