The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Internationally Adopted Children from Non-European Countries: General Development during the First Two Years in the Adoptive Family

Table 2

Differences in mean on general development (motor and communication), temperamental traits, (emotionality, activity, and shyness), and behavior problems (physically and non-physically challenging behavior) at time of adoption and at age two.

Time of adoption (N = 102)Age two (N = 101) Cohen’s 𝐷 2 t-value
M SD 𝛼 1 MSD 𝛼 1

Motor and communication
Ages and stages3
 Communication29.2216.60.8536.1314.87.86.589−3.385***
 Gross motor36.6719.16.9542.558.55.56.360−3.163***

Temperament
 EAS emotionality42.26.73.842.42.70.82.310−2.834***
 EAS activity level3.85.66.763.76.71.84−.1931.147
 EAS shyness2.33.70.762.36.61.73.061−.396

Behavior problems5
 Physical challenging behavior 2.031.06.542.23.99.81.267−1.983*
 Non-physically challenging behavior3.081.26.762.61.84.84.5284.109***

Note. 1Reliability coefficient (Cronbach’s alpha), 2effect size (Cohen’s D), 3high score is positive, 4high score indicate higher frequencies, and 5high score indicate higher frequencies.
*** 𝑃 < . 0 0 1 , ** 𝑃 < . 0 1 , * 𝑃 < . 0 5 .

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