The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Exclusive Breastfeeding and Other Foods in the First Six Months of Life: Effects on Nutritional Status and Body Composition of Brazilian Children

Table 4

Prevalence of BMI/A change, percentage of total body fat, android region and waist circumference, and Crude odds ratio (confidence interval of 95%) according to sociodemographic and lifestyle habits of children from 4 to 7 years of age, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, 2010/11.

VariablesBMI/A ( -score)% of body fat1% of fat in the android region1Waist circumference1
>+1
(%)
≤+1
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value

Mother’s age (yrs)2
 20–2817 (25,4)50 (74,6)1,000,19713 (19,4)54 (80,6)1,00 0,24211 (16,4)56 (83,6)1,000,1638 (11,9)59 (88,1)1,000,127
 29–349 (13,8)56 (86,2)0,47 (0,19–1,15)6 (9,2)59 (90,8)0,42 (0,15–1,19)5 (7,7)60 (92,3)0,42 (0,14–1,30)7 (10,8)58 (89,2)0,89 (0,30–2,61)
 35–5113 (25,0)39 (75,0)0,98 (0,42–2,26)7 (13,5)45 (86,5)0,64 (0,24–1,75)10 (19,2)42 (80,8)1,21 (0,47–3,12)12 (23,1)40 (76,9)2,21 (0,83–5,89)
Mother’s schooling (yrs)2
 >822 (21,6)80 (78,4)1,000,92418 (17,6)84 (82,4)1,000,13516 (15,7)86 (84,3)1,00 0,52016 (15,7)86 (84,6)1,000,690
 ≤817 (21,0)64 (79,0)0,96 (0,47–1,97)8 (9,9)73 (90,1)0,51 (0,21–1,24)10 (12,3)71 (87,7)0,76 (0,32–1,77)11 (13,6)70 (86,4)0,84 (0,36–1,93)
Income per capita (reais)3
 40,57–204,0010 (15,6)54 (84,4)1,00 0,3459 (14,1)55 (85,9)1,00 0,9759 (14,1)55 (85,9)1,00 0,4468 (12,5)56 (87,5)1,000,178
 204,37–350,013 (21,7)47 (78,3)1,49 (0,60–3,72)8 (13,3)52 (86,7)0,94 (0,33–2,62)6 (10,0)54 (90,0)0,68 (0,22–2,03)6 (10,0)54 (90,0)0,78 (0,25–2,40)
 357,0–3333,3316 (26,2)45 (73,8)1,92 (0,79–4,64)0,147 * 9 (14,8)52 (85,2)1,06 (0,39–2,87)11 (18,0)50 (82,0)1,34 (0,51–3,51)13 (21,3)48 (78,7)1,89 (0,72–4,95)
Residence
 Rural 4 (28,6)10 (71,4)1,00 0,498**2 (14,3)12 (85,7)1,00 1,000**0 (0,0)14 (100,0)1,00 0,2241 (7,1)13 (92,9)1,00 0,697**
 Urban35 (20,5)136 (79,5)0,64 (0,19–2,17)24 (14,0)147 (86,0)0,98 (0,20–4,65)26 (94,4)145 (90,5)26 (15,2)145 (84,8)2,33
(0,29–18,59)
Time TV (hours)
 ≤216 (18,0)73 (82,0)1,000,31911 (12,4)78 (87,6)1,000,5239 (10,1)80 (89,9)1,000,13711 (12,4)78 (87,6)1,000,407
 >2 23 (24,0)73 (76,0)1,44 (0,70–2,93)15 (15,6)81 (84,4)1,31 (0,56–3,03)17 (17,7)79 (82,3)1,91 (0,80–4,55)16 (16,7)80 (83,3)1,42 (0,62–3,24)
Hours in school4
 >425 (25,5)73 (74,5)1,000,09713 (13,3)85 (86,7)1,000,67113 (13,3)85 (86,7)1,000,67114 (14,3)84 (85,7)1,000,822
 ≤413 (15,5)71 (84,5)0,53 (0,25–1,12)13 (15,5)71 (84,5)1,20 (0,52–2,75)13 (15,5)71 (84,5)1,20 (0,52–2,75)13 (15,5)71 (84,5)1,09 (0,48–2,49)
Time in active play (hours)5
 >115 (17,9)69 (82,1)1,00 0,3276 (7,1)78 (92,9)1,000,0147 (8,3)77 (91,7)1,000,0416 (7,1)78 (92,9)1,000,009
 ≤124 (23,8)77 (76,2)1,43 (0,69–2,95)20 (19,8)81 (80,2)3,21 (1,22–8,41)19 (18,8)82 (81,2)2,55 (1,01–6,40)21 (20,8)80 (79,2)3,41 (1,31–8,90)
Time in light activities (hours)6
 ≤127 (24,1)85 (75,9)1,00 0,21113 (11,6)99 (88,4)1,00 0,23613 (11,6)99 (88,4)1,00 0,23615 (13,4)97 (86,6)1,00 0,566
 >112 (16,4)61 (83,6)0,62 (0,29–1,32)13 (17,8)60 (82,2)1,65 (0,71–3,79)13 (17,8)60 (82,2)1,65 (0,71–3,79)12 (16,4)61 (83,6)1,27 (0,56–2,90)
Physical education4
 Yes22 (19,5)91 (80,5)1,00 0,71219 (16,8)94 (83,2)1,00 0,21219 (16,8)94 (83,2)1,00 0,21219 (16,8)94 (83,2)1,00 0,336
 No15 (21,7)54 (78,3)1,14 (0,55–2,40)7 (10,1)62 (89,9)0,56 (0,22–1,40)7 (10,1)62 (89,9)0,56 (0,22–1,40)8 (11,6)61 (88,4)0,65 (0,26–1,57)

BMI: body mass index;A: age; TV: television; OR: odds ratio; IC: interval of confidence; values derived from Chi-square test, of linear tendency* and Fisher’s Exact**; 1percentiles calculated between children from the sample by sex and age; 2 ; 3values categorized by tertiles; 4 ; 5riding a bike, play with a Ball, run, among others; 6trolley, doll house, house, among others, or doing home work; values in bold represent statistical significance for inclusion in the multivariate analyses ( 0,20).

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