The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Exclusive Breastfeeding and Other Foods in the First Six Months of Life: Effects on Nutritional Status and Body Composition of Brazilian Children

Table 5

Prevalence of BMI/A changes, percentage of total body fat, from the android region and waist circumference, and Crude odds ratio (interval of confidence of 95%) in accordance with feeding variables of children from 4 to 7 years, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, 2010/11.

VariablesBMI/A ( -score)% of body fat1% of fat of android region1Waist circumference1
>+1
(%)
≤+1
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value

Energy derived from carbohydrates (%)
 ≤6538 (21,8)136 (78,2)1,00 0,463*25 (14,4)149 (85,6)1,00 1,000*25 (14,4)149 (85,6)1,001,000*27 (15,5)147 (84,5)1,000,372*
 >651 (9,1)10 (90,9)0,36 (0,04–2,88)1 (9,1)10 (90,9)0,59 (0,07–4,86)1 (9,1)10 (90,9)0,59 (0,07–4,86)0 (0,0)11 (100,0)
Energy derived from lipids (%)
 ≤3534 (22,2)119 (77,8)1,00 0,40520 (13,1)133 (86,9)1,00 0,40120 (13,1)133 (86,9)1,00 0,40120 (13,1)133 (86,9)1,000,198
 >355 (15,6)27 (84,4)0,65 (0,23–1,81)6 (18,8)26 (81,2)1,53 (0,56–4,19)6 (18,8)26 (81,2)1,53 (0,56–4,19)7 (21,9)25 (78,1)1,86 (0,71–4,86)
Energy balance
 Nonpositive28 (21,7)101 (78,3)1,00 0,75219 (14,7)110 (85,3)1,00 0,68920 (15,5)109 (84,5)1,00 0,38921 (16,3)108 (83,7)1,000,325
 Positive11 (19,6)45 (80,4)0,88 (0,40–1,93)7 (12,5)49 (87,5)0,83 (0,32–2,09)6 (10,7)50 (89,3)0,65 (0,24–1,73)6 (10,7)50 (89,3)0,62 (0,23–1,62)
Frequency candy, lollipops, gums
 <1 day/week6 (28,6)15 (71,4)1,005 (23,8)16 (76,2)1,00 0,3612 (9,5)19 (90,5)1,00 0,7875 (23,8)16 (76,2)1,00 0,434
 1–3 days/week15 (21,1)56 (78,9)0,67 (0,23–2,02) 0,64610 (14,1)61 (85,9)0,52 (0,15–1,75)11 (15,5)60 (84,5)1,74 (0,35–8,56)9 (12,7)62 (87,3)0,46 (0,13–1,58)
 ≥4 days/week18 (19,4)75 (80,6)0,60 (0,20–1,76) 0,402**11 (11,8)82 (88,2)0,43 (0,13–1,40)0,202**13 (14,0)80 (86,0)1,54 (0,32–7,42)13 (14,0)80 (86,0)0,52 (0,16–1,66)
Frequency filled cookies
 <1 day/week7 (21,2)26 (78,8)1,00 0,4284 (12,1)29 (87,9)1,004 (12,1)29 (87,9)1,000,022 *** 4 (12,1)29 (87,9)1,000,000 ****
 1–3 days/week14 (17,1)68 (82,9)0,76 (0,27–2,10)6 (7,3)76 (92,7)0,57 (0,15–2,17)0,022 *** 6 (7,3)76 (92,7)0,57 (0,15–2,17)4 (4,9)78 (95,1)0,37 (0,08–1,58)
 ≥4 days/week18 (25,7)52 (74,3)1,28 (0,47–3,46)16 (22,9)54 (77,1)2,14 (0,65–7,02)16 (22,9)54 (77,1)2,14 (0,65–7,02)19 (27,1)51 (72,9)2,70 (0,84–8,70)
Frequency chocolate milk
 <1 day/week10 (17,9)46 (82,1)1,005 (8,9)51 (91,1)1,006 (10,7)50 (89,3)1,00 0,3376 (10,7)50 (89,3)1,00 0,348
 1–3 days/week6 (28,6)15 (71,4)1,84 (0,57–5,92) 0,5886 (28,6)15 (71,4)4,08 (1,09–15,26)0,0875 (23,8)16 (76,2)2,60 (0,70–9,68)5 (23,8)16 (76,2)2,60 (0,70–9,68)
 ≥4 days/week23 (21,3)85 (78,7)1,24 (0,55–2,84)15 (13,9)93 (86,1)1,64 (0,56–4,78)15 (13,9)93 (86,1)1,34 (0,49–3,68)16 (14,8)92 (85,2)1,45 (0,53–3,94)
Frequency fried foods
 <1 day/week5 (20,0)20 (80,0)1,00 0,8584 (16,0)21 (84,0)1,00 0,3554 (16,0)21 (84,0)1,00 0,3554 (16,0)21 (84,0)1,00 0,540
 1–3 days/week23 (22,5)79 (77,5)1,16 (0,39–3,44)17 (16,7)85 (83,3)1,05 (0,32–3,45)17 (16,7)85 (83,3)1,05 (0,32–3,45)17 (16,7)85 (83,3)1,05 (0,32–3,45)
 ≥4 days/week11 (19,0)47 (81,0)0,94 (0,28–3,04)5 (8,6)53 (91,4)0,49 (0,12–2,03)5 (8,6)53 (91,4)0,49 (0,12–2,03)6 (10,3)52 (89,7)0,60 (0,15–2,36)
Frequency soft drinks
 <1 day/week9 (21,4)33 (78,6)1,00 0,4765 (11,9)37 (88,1)1,00 0,6246 (14,3)36 (85,7)1,00 0,6358 (19,0)34 (81,0)1,00 0,614
 1–3 days/week24 (19,4)100 (80,6)0,88 (0,37–2,08)17 (13,7)107 (86,3)0,95 (0,35–2,60)16 (12,9)108 (87,1)0,89 (0,32–2,44)16 (12,9)108 (87,1)0,63 (0,25–1,60)
 ≥4 days/week6 (31,6)13 (68,4)1,69 (0,50–5,71)4 (21,1)15 (78,9)1,12 (0,25–5,07)0,401**4 (21,1)15 (78,9)1,60 (0,39–6,50)3 (15,8)16 (84,2)0,80 (0,18–3,41)

BMI: body mass index; A: age; EBF: exclusive breastfeeding materno; OR: odds ratio; IC: interval of confidence; 1percentiles calculated between children from the sample by sex and age; values derived from Chi-square test; Fisher’s Exact* and linear tendency**; OR significant between ≥4 days/week with relation to a 1–3 days/week (OR: 3,75; IC 95%: 1,38–10,21)***; OR significant between ≥4 days/week in relation to 1–3 days/week (OR: 7,26; IC 95%: 2,33–22,60)****; values in bold represent statistical significance to include in the multivariate analyses ( 0,20).

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