The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Inconsistent Condom Use among Public Primary Care Patients with Tuberculosis in South Africa

Table 2

Association between inconsistent condom use, socioeconomic factors, health status, and alcohol use.

Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted ORa,b (95% CI)

Socioeconomic factors
 Age1.02 (1.02–1.03)***1.00 (0.99–1.01)
 Male versus female1.13 (1.00–1.28)0.96 (0.75–1.24)
 Never married1.001.00
 Married/cohabitating1.30 (1.11–1.52)***1.66 (1.25–2.20)***
 Separated/divorced/widowed2.73 (1.91–3.90)***3.67 (1.85–7.29)***
 Grade 7 or less1.001.00
 Grade 8–110.63 (0.54–0.74)***0.72 (0.53–0.99)*
 Grade 12 or more0.58 (0.48–0.69)***0.66 (0.46–0.94)**

Poverty index
 Low1.001.00
 Medium1.38 (1.20–1.59)***1.60 (1.24–2.20)***
 High1.98 (1.62–2.43)***1.54 (1.05–2.25)*
 Black African1.00–-
 Coloured1.17 (0.96–1.43)
 Indian, Asian, White, other1.16 (0.74–1.81)

Health status
 HIV positive versus negative0.86 (0.75–0.99)*0.96 (0.72–1.28)
 Ever STI1.38 (1.07–177)*1.10 (0.72–1.67)
 New TB versus retreatment1.02 (0.88–1.19)–-

Perceived health status
 Excellent/very good1.00–-
 Good0.94 (0.78–1.12)
 Fair/poor0.99 (0.83–1.17)
 Severe psychological distress1.26 (1.09–1.47)**1.21 (0.92–1.59)
 On ART0.60 (0.51–0.70)***0.79 (0.58–1.08)
 Disclosed HIV status to last partner0.32 (0.28–0.37)***0.34 (0.25–0.48)***
 Partner HIV unknown or negative versus positive1.60 (1.39–1.84)***1.18 (0.87–2.12)
 Sexual partner on ART0.41 (0.33–0.50)***0.38 (0.23–0.60)***

Alcohol use
AUDIT
 Abstinent or Low risk (0–7)1.001.00
 High risk (8–19)1.38 (1.16–1.64)***1.14 (0.82–1.58)
 Probably alcohol dependent (20–40)2.03 (1.52–2.71)***1.44 (0.86–2.42)
 Alcohol before sex1.22 (1.12–1.32)***1.08 (0.78–1.50)
 Partner alcohol before sex1.33 (1.21–1.46)***1.56 (1.30–1.90)***

aUsing “enter” LR selection of variables.
bHosmer and Lemeshow Chi-square 7.16, df 8, 0.516; Cox and Snell 𝑅 2 0.15; Nagelkerke 𝑅 2 0.20.
* 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ; ** 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 ; *** 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 .

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