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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 615183, 8 pages
Research Article

Trends and Social Differences in Alcohol Consumption during the Postcommunist Transition in Lithuania

Health Research Institute, Faculty of Public Health, Academy of Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, 50009 Kaunas, Lithuania

Received 12 October 2011; Accepted 17 November 2011

Academic Editors: E. Paavilainen, R. L. Ramos, and J. Thrasher

Copyright © 2012 Jurate Klumbiene et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of the study was to evaluate the trends and social differences in consumption of various types of alcoholic beverages in Lithuania over the postcommunist transition period (1994–2010). The data were obtained from nine nationally representative postal surveys of Lithuanian population aged 20–64 conducted every second year ( 𝑛 = 1 7 1 5 4 ). Prevalence of regular (at least once a week) consumption of beer, wine, or strong alcoholic beverages and the amount of alcohol consumed per week were examined. Regular beer drinking as well as the amounts consumed increased considerably in both genders. The increase in regular consumption of strong alcohol was found among women. Sociodemographic patterning of regular alcohol drinking was more evident in women than in men. In women, young age and high education were associated with frequent regular drinking of wine and beer. Social differences in regular alcohol drinking should be considered in further development of national alcohol control policy in Lithuania.