Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 653098, 9 pages
Clinical Study

Frequency and Associated Factors for Anxiety and Depression in Pregnant Women: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study

1Department of Family Medicine, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
2Department of Community Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
3Department of Peadiatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
4Department of Rheumatology, Waikato Hospital, Pembroke Street, Hamilton 3204, New Zealand

Received 1 November 2011; Accepted 24 January 2012

Academic Editors: A. Fiorillo, A. van Straten, and M. D. Weiss

Copyright © 2012 Niloufer S. Ali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Antepartum anxiety and/or depression is a major public health problem globally. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of antepartum anxiety and/or depression among pregnant women. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care hospital among pregnant women. A total of 165 pregnant women were interviewed by a clinical psychologist using HADS for assessing anxiety and/or depression and also collected information regarding sociodemographic, obstetric, family relationships, and home environment. Out of the total of 165 pregnant women about 70 percent of them were either anxious and/or depressed. The increasing age of women (P- v a l u e = 0 . 0 7 3 ), not having any live birth (P- v a l u e = 0 . 0 3 6 ), adverse pregnancy outcome in past including death of a child, stillbirth or abortion (P- v a l u e = 0 . 0 1 3 ), participant’s role in household decision making (P- v a l u e = 0 . 0 1 3 ), and domestic violence (verbal or physical abuse towards mother or children by any family member) (P- v a l u e = 0 . 1 2 3 ). Our study highlights that anxiety and/or depression is quite common among pregnant women. Therefore, there is a need to incorporate screening for anxiety and depression in the existing antenatal programs and development of strategies to provide practical support to those identified.