Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 698597, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/698597
Research Article

Characteristics, Management, and In-Hospital Outcomes of Diabetic Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in the United Arab Emirates

1Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17666, Al Ain, UAE
2Heart and Vascular Institute, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, P.O. Box 51900, Abu Dhabi, UAE
3Department of Cardiology, Fujairah Hospital, P.O. Box 10, Fujairah, UAE
4Dubai Heart Centre, Dubai Hospital, P.O. Box 7272, Dubai, UAE
5Obaidallah Hospital (Saif Hospital), MOH, P.O. Box 4727, Ras Al-Khaimah, UAE
6Department of Cardiology, Zayed Military Hospital, P.O. Box 3740, Abu Dhabi, UAE
7Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA

Received 25 March 2012; Accepted 14 April 2012

Academic Editors: T. D. Karamitsos and R. Moreno Gomez

Copyright © 2012 Abdulla Shehab et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Saadi, J. Al-Kaabi, M. Benbarka et al., “Prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and quality of care in diabetic patients followed at primary and tertiary clinics in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates,” Review of Diabetic Studies, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 293–302, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Malik, A. Bakir, B. Abi Saab, G. Roglic, and H. King, “Glucose intolerance and associated factors in the multi-ethnic population of the United Arab Emirates: results of a national survey,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 188–195, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Saadi, S. G. Carruthers, N. Nagelkerke et al., “Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its complications in a population-based sample in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 369–377, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Hildebrandt, “Diabetic patients and acute coronary syndromes,” European Heart Journal, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 887–888, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Franklin, R. J. Goldberg, F. Spencer et al., “Implications of diabetes in patients with acute coronary syndromes: the global registry of acute coronary events,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 164, no. 13, pp. 1457–1463, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. M. Donahoe, G. C. Stewart, C. H. McCabe et al., “Diabetes and mortality following acute coronary syndromes,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 298, no. 7, pp. 765–775, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. S. Yudkin, “Managing the diabetic patient with acute myocardial infarction,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 276–281, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. H. Löwel, W. Koenig, S. Engel, A. Hörmann, and U. Keil, “The impact of diabetes mellitus on survival after myocardial infarction: Can it be modified by drug treatment? Results of a population-based myocardial infarction register follow-up study,” Diabetologia, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 218–226, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Gu, C. C. Cowie, and M. I. Harris, “Diabetes and decline in heart disease mortality in US adults,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 281, no. 14, pp. 1291–1297, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. S. Fox, S. Coady, P. D. Sorlie et al., “Trends in cardiovascular complications of diabetes,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no. 20, pp. 2495–2499, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. Ulvenstam, A. Aberg, and R. Bergstrand, “Long-term prognosis after myocardial infarction in men with diabetes,” Diabetes, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 787–792, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Miettinen, S. Lehto, V. Salomaa et al., “Impact of diabetes on mortality after the first myocardial infarction,” Diabetes Care, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 69–75, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Behar, V. Boyko, H. Reicher-Reiss, and U. Goldbourt, “Ten-year survival after acute myocardial infarction: comparison of patients with and without diabetes. SPRINT Study Group. Secondary Prevention Reinfarction Israeli Nifedipine Trial.,” American heart journal, vol. 133, no. 3, pp. 290–296, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K.-H. Mak, D. J. Moliterno, C. B. Granger et al., “Influence of diabetes mellitus on clinical outcome in the thrombolytic era of acute myocardial infarction,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 171–179, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Y. Chun, A. J. Dobson, and R. F. Heller, “The impact of diabetes on survival among patients with first myocardial infarction,” Diabetes Care, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 704–708, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Norhammar, K. Malmberg, E. Diderholm et al., “Diabetes mellitus: the major risk factor in unstable coronary artery disease even after consideration of the extent of coronary artery disease and benefits of revascularization,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 585–591, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Zubaid, W. A. Rashed, N. Al-Khaja et al., “Clinical presentation and outcomes of acute coronary syndromes in the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE),” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 251–255, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. P. Bassand, C. W. Hamm, D. Ardissino et al., “Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: the Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes of the European Society of Cardiology,” European Heart Journal, vol. 28, no. 13, pp. 1598–1660, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Panduranga, K. J. Sulaiman, I. S. Al-Zakwani, and J. A. Al-Lawati, “Characteristics, management, and in-hospital outcomes of diabetic acute coronary syndrome patients in Oman,” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 520–524, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. X. Brogan, E. D. Peterson, J. Mulgund et al., “Treatment disparities in the care of patients with and without diabetes presenting with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 9–14, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. S. Fergus, R. Fazel, J. Fang et al., “Presentation, management, and outcomes of diabetic patients compared to non-diabetic patients admitted for acute coronary syndromes,” Heart, vol. 90, no. 9, pp. 1051–1052, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Roffi, D. P. Chew, D. Mukherjee et al., “Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors reduce mortality in diabetic patients with non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndromes,” Circulation, vol. 104, no. 23, pp. 2767–2771, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. H. Mak and E. J. Topol, “Emerging concepts in the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients with diabetes mellitus,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 563–568, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. I. Gustafsson, P. Hildebrandt, M. Seibæk et al., “Long-term prognosis of diabetic patients with myocardial infarction: relation to antidiabetic treatment regimen,” European Heart Journal, vol. 21, no. 23, pp. 1937–1943, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. H. T. Hansen, L. Fog, S. C. Kjærgaard, P. D. Christensen, and I. Bülow, “Thrombolytic therapy in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction,” Diabetes Care, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1135–1137, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. Valensi, R. N. Sachs, B. Harfouche et al., “Predictive value of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in diabetic patients with or without silent myocardial ischemia,” Diabetes Care, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 339–343, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. Soläng, K. Malmberg, and L. Rydén, “Diabetes mellitus and congestive heart failure. Further knowledge needed,” European Heart Journal, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 789–795, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. H. Marwick, “Diabetic heart disease,” Postgraduate medical journal, vol. 84, no. 990, pp. 188–192, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Vehkavaara, A. Seppälä-Lindroos, J. Westerbacka, P. H. Groop, and H. Yki-Järvinen, “In vivo endothelial dysfunction characterizes patients with impaired fasting glucose,” Diabetes Care, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 2055–2060, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. H. Fiebach, C. M. Viscoli, and R. I. Horwitz, “Differences between women and men in survival after myocardial infarction. Biology or methodology?” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 263, no. 8, pp. 1092–1096, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. B. Kostis, A. C. Wilson, K. O'Dowd et al., “Sex differences in the management and long-term outcome of acute myocardial infarction: a statewide study,” Circulation, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 1715–1730, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. S. Hochman, C. H. McCabe, P. H. Stone et al., “Outcome and profile of women and men presenting with acute coronary syndromes: a report from TIMI IIIB,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 141–148, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus