The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

A Randomized Comparative Trial on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Topical Aloe vera and Calendula officinalis on Diaper Dermatitis in Children

Table 1

Demographic characteristics of study groups.

ParametersAloe ( 𝑛 = 3 2 )Calendula ( 𝑛 = 3 4 ) 𝑃 value

Gender
 Male18 (56.3%)16 (47.1%)0.47
 Female14 (43.7%)18 (52.9%)0.47
Age
 <6 months4 (12.5%)8 (25.8%)0.34
 6–12 months16 (50%)14 (45.2%)0.62
 12–24 months9 (28.1%)6 (19.14%)0.38
 >24 months3 (9.4%)3 (9.7%)1.00
Diaper changing (per day)
 ≤3 time7 (22.6%)5 (15.2%)0.53
 4 time17 (54.8%)21 (63.6%)0.62
 >4 time7 (22.6%)7 (21.2%)1.00
Washing diaper area (per day)
 1 time6 (18.8%)4 (11.8%)0.50
 2 time8 (25%)8 (23.5%)1.00
 >2 time18 (56.3%)22 (64.7%)0.61

Values are expressed as number (%). Comparisons have been made using chi-square or Fisher’s exact test.

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