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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 838756, 3 pages
Review Article

The Confluence of Faraday's and Kirchoff's Laws in Bioelectrochemical Systems

Naval Systems Division, Electrochemical Science and Technology Associates, Boynton Beach, FL 33437, USA

Received 26 May 2011; Accepted 1 September 2011

Academic Editor: Graham V. Lees

Copyright © 2012 Harvey N. Seiger. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


When external measurements are made of electrochemical systems, including bioelectrochemical, there results an interaction. Such measurements cause electrochemical processes to take place that are significant. This work looks into the nature and significance of the interfacial processes on membrane and membrane phenomena. The conclusion reached is that interfacial processes are important and cannot be overlooked.