The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Relationship between Health-Promoting Behaviors and Resilience in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Table 1

Difference in resilience between population characteristics and disease characteristics among study groups ( ).

VariablesHigh-risk group Early CKD group Pre-ESRD group
(%)Mean ± SD values (%)Mean ± SD values (%)Mean ± SD values

Gender.4611.8472.756**
 Male1640.0143.56 ± 13.183264150.56 ± 17.503355137.67 ± 19.07
 Female2460.0141.88 ± 9.981836138.39 ± 29.232745122.37 ± 23.12
Education level −2.276*−1.852−1.258
 ≤junior school1640.0137.81 ± 10.902448140.08 ± 19.184066.7128.25 ± 19.86
 ≥high school2460.0145.71 ± 10.512652151.81 ± 24.952033.3135.85 ± 26.01
Marital status−1.225.682−1.047
 Single717.5137.86 ± 9.941122150.36 ± 17.411423.3125.36 ± 28.16
 Married3382.5143.55 ± 11.383978145 ± 24.314676.7132.43 ± 20.09
Occupation .092.422*4.479***
 Yes820.0142.88 ± 9.492040154.30 ± 12.151220147.33 ± 11.46
 No3280.0142.47 ± 11.763060140.77 ± 16.744880126.65 ± 22.34
Diabetes−1.469.149−2.931** ***
 Yes1025.0137.78 ± 9.92918147.22 ± 18.193151.7123.19 ± 22.91
 No3075.0143.94 ± 11.384182145.95 ± 24.022948.3138.90 ± 18.48
Hypertension.816−.1301.689
 Yes37.5146.4 ± 12.181734145.59 ± 21.451830138.06 ± 20.47
 No3792.5142 ± 11.173366146.48 ± 23.964270127.67 ± 22.37

High-risk group: the families of CKD patients.
Early CKD group: GFR > 45 mL/min/1.73 m2.
Pre-ESRD group: GFR < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2.
* , ** , and *** .
Statistical methods: descriptive statistics, tests (within group), and tests (between groups).