The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Relationship between Health-Promoting Behaviors and Resilience in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Table 3

Difference in subgroups of health promotion behavior among study groups ( ).

AllHigh-risk groupEarly CKD groupPre-ESRD group
Variables value
Mean ± Standard deviationMean ± Standard deviationMean ± Standard deviationMean ± Standard deviation

Nutrition10.94 ± 2.74212.27 ± 2.37511.24 ± 2.5449.8 ± 2.69811.691***
Health responsibility13.47 ± 4.58713.65 ± 4.63814.12 ± 4.62312.8 ± 4.5091.175
Self-actualization17.49 ± 4.58719.38 ± 4.21018.24 ± 5.25515.6 ± 4.9518.097***
Interpersonal support12.51 ± 3.87413.27 ± 3.44913.18 ± 3.92111.43 ± 3.6844.023**
Sports and leisure5.34 ± 3.9417.35 ± 4.0734.8 ± 3.8704.45 ± 3.4667.868**
Stress management14.15 ± 4.11915.4 ± 2.73414.64 ± 4.66312.92 ± 4.1265.159**
Total (health promotion behavior)73.83 ± 18.90980.47 ± 15.73376.32 ± 19.84567.32 ± 18.2756.982**

High-risk group: the families of CKD patients.
Early CKD group: GFR > 45 mL/min/1.73 m2.
Pre-ESRD group: GFR < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2.
* , ** , and *** .
Statistical methods: descriptive statistics, one way ANOVA.