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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 126428, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/126428
Research Article

Assessment of the Present and Future Offshore Wind Power Potential: A Case Study in a Target Territory of the Baltic Sea Near the Latvian Coast

1Institute of Physical Research and Biomechanics, Artilerijas 40, Riga 1090, Latvia
2Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Latvia, Alberta 10, Riga 1010, Latvia
3Rezekne Higher Education Institution, Atbrivosanas aleja 90, Rezekne 4601, Latvia

Received 30 March 2013; Accepted 13 June 2013

Academic Editors: S. Andronopoulos, B. Kosovic, and A. Sirit

Copyright © 2013 Lita Lizuma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Offshore wind energy development promises to be a significant domestic renewable energy source in Latvia. The reliable prediction of present and future wind resources at offshore sites is crucial for planning and selecting the location for wind farms. The overall goal of this paper is the assessment of offshore wind power potential in a target territory of the Baltic Sea near the Latvian coast as well as the identification of a trend in the future wind energy potential for the study territory. The regional climate model CLM and High Resolution Limited Area Model (Hirlam) simulations were used to obtain the wind climatology data for the study area. The results indicated that offshore wind energy is promising for expanding the national electricity generation and will continue to be a stable resource for electricity generation in the region over the 21st century.