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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 185769, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/185769
Research Article

CIB: An Improved Communication Architecture for Real-Time Monitoring of Aerospace Materials, Instruments, and Sensors on the ISS

1NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135, USA
2Ohio Aerospace Institute, NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135, USA
3U. S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375, USA
4Jacobs Technology, NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135, USA

Received 12 April 2013; Accepted 4 June 2013

Academic Editors: T. E. Matikas and M. R. Woike

Copyright © 2013 Michael J. Krasowski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Communications Interface Board (CIB) is an improved communications architecture that was demonstrated on the International Space Station (ISS). ISS communication interfaces allowing for real-time telemetry and health monitoring require a significant amount of development. The CIB simplifies the communications interface to the ISS for real-time health monitoring, telemetry, and control of resident sensors or experiments. With a simpler interface available to the telemetry bus, more sensors or experiments may be flown. The CIB accomplishes this by acting as a bridge between the ISS MIL-STD-1553 low-rate telemetry (LRT) bus and the sensors allowing for two-way command and telemetry data transfer. The CIB was designed to be highly reliable and radiation hard for an extended flight in low Earth orbit (LEO) and has been proven with over 40 months of flight operation on the outside of ISS supporting two sets of flight experiments. Since the CIB is currently operating in flight on the ISS, recent results of operations will be provided. Additionally, as a vehicle health monitoring enabling technology, an overview and results from two experiments enabled by the CIB will be provided. Future applications for vehicle health monitoring utilizing the CIB architecture will also be discussed.