Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 196470, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/196470
Research Article

A Novel Photocatalyst with Ferromagnetic Core Used for the Treatment of Olive Oil Mill Effluents from Two-Phase Production Process

1Chemical Engineering Department, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2Molecular Biology and Biochemical Engineering Department, University Pablo de Olavide, 14013 Seville, Spain

Received 26 August 2013; Accepted 2 October 2013

Academic Editors: F. Oktar and Z. Zhang

Copyright © 2013 Javier Miguel Ochando-Pulido et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. C. Crittenden, R. R. Trussell, D. W. Hand, K. J. Howe, and G. Tchobanoglous, Water Treatment: Principles and Design, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2nd edition, 2005.
  2. S. Tieng, A. Kanaev, and K. Chhor, “New homogeneously doped Fe(III)–TiO2 photocatalyst for gaseous pollutant degradation,” Applied Catalysis A, vol. 399, no. 1-2, pp. 191–197, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Geng, Q. Wang, and D. Yang, “Carbon and nitrogen co-doped TiO2 with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 2741–2746, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Chatterjee and S. Dasgupta, “Visible light induced photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C, vol. 6, no. 2-3, pp. 186–205, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. M. Nieto, G. Hodaifa, S. Rodríguez, J. A. Giménez, and J. Ochando, “Degradation of organic matter in olive-oil mill wastewater through homogeneous Fenton-like reaction,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 173, no. 2, pp. 503–510, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Hodaifa, M. E. Martínez, and S. Sánchez, “Use of industrial wastewater from olive-oil extraction for biomass production of Scenedesmus obliquus,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 5, pp. 1111–1117, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Niaounakis and C. P. Halvadakis, Olive Processing Waste Management Literature Review and Patent Survey, vol. 5 of Waste Management Series, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2nd edition, 2006.
  8. H. Inan, A. Dimoglo, H. Şimşek, and M. Karpuzcu, “Olive oil mill wastewater treatment by means of electro-coagulation,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 23–31, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Ü. T. Ün, S. Uǧur, A. S. Koparal, and Ü. B. Öǧütveren, “Electrocoagulation of olive mill wastewaters,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 136–141, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Khoufi, F. Aloui, and S. Sayadi, “Treatment of olive oil mill wastewater by combined process electro-Fenton reaction and anaerobic digestion,” Water Research, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 2007–2016, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. Cañizares, L. Martínez, R. Paz, C. Sáez, J. Lobato, and M. A. Rodrigo, “Treatment of Fenton-refractory olive oil mill wastes by electrochemical oxidation with boron-doped diamond anodes,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 81, no. 8, pp. 1331–1337, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Rizzo, G. Lofrano, M. Grassi, and V. Belgiorno, “Pre-treatment of olive mill wastewater by chitosan coagulation and advanced oxidation processes,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 648–653, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. U. T. Un, U. Altay, A. S. Koparal, and U. B. Ogutveren, “Complete treatment of olive mill wastewaters by electrooxidation,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 139, no. 3, pp. 445–452, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. K. Lafi, B. Shannak, M. Al-Shannag, Z. Al-Anber, and M. Al-Hasan, “Treatment of olive mill wastewater by combined advanced oxidation and biodegradation,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 141–146, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Cañizares, R. Paz, C. Sáez, and M. A. Rodrigo, “Costs of the electrochemical oxidation of wastewaters: a comparison with ozonation and Fenton oxidation processes,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 410–420, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Grafias, N. P. Xekoukoulotakis, D. Mantzavinos, and E. Diamadopoulos, “Pilot treatment of olive pomace leachate by vertical-flow constructed wetland and electrochemical oxidation: an efficient hybrid process,” Water Research, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 2773–2780, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. Papastefanakis, D. Mantzavinos, and A. Katsaounis, “DSA electrochemical treatment of olive mill wastewater on Ti/RuO2 anode,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 729–737, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Paraskeva and E. Diamadopoulos, “Technologies for olive mill wastewater (OMW) treatment: a review,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 81, no. 9, pp. 1475–1485, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. B. De Caprariis, M. Di Rita, M. Stoller, N. Verdone, and A. Chianese, “Reaction-precipitation by a spinning disc reactor: influence of hydrodynamics on nanoparticles production,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 76, pp. 73–80, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. O. Sacco, M. Stoller, V. Vaiano, P. Ciambelli, A. Chianese, and D. Sannino, “Photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes under visible light on n-doped photocatalysts,” International Journal Photoenergy, vol. 2012, Article ID 626759, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. M. Ochando-Pulido, M. Stoller, M. Bravi, A. Martinez-Ferez, and A. Chianese, “Batch membrane treatment of olive vegetation wastewater from two-phase olive oil production process by threshold flux based methods,” Separation Purification Technology, vol. 101, pp. 34–41, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Fujishima and K. Honda, “Electrochemical photolysis of water at a semiconductor electrode,” Nature, vol. 238, no. 5358, pp. 37–38, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. V. Tyrpekl, J. P. Vejpravová, A. G. Roca, N. Murafa, L. Szatmary, and D. Nižňanský, “Magnetically separable photocatalytic composite γ-Fe2O3@TiO2synthesized by heterogeneous precipitation,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, no. 11, pp. 4844–4848, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Ye, Q. Zhang, Y. Hu et al., “Magnetically recoverable core-shell nanocomposites with enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Chemistry, vol. 16, pp. 6243–6250, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  25. A. Schätz, M. Hager, and O. Reiser, “Cu(II)-azabis(oxazoline)-complexes immobilized on superparamagnetic magnetite@silica-nanoparticles: a highly selective and recyclable catalyst for the kinetic resolution of 1,2-diols,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 2109–2115, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. Hui, C. Shen, J. Tian et al., “Core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles synthesized with well-dispersed hydrophilic Fe3O4 seeds,” Nanoscale, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 701–705, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. T. A. Gad-Allah, S. Kato, S. Satokawa, and T. Kojima, “Treatment of synthetic dyes wastewater utilizing a magnetically separable photocatalyst (TiO2/SiO2/Fe3O4): parametric and kinetic studies,” Desalination, vol. 244, no. 1–3, pp. 1–11, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Abramson, L. Srithammavanh, J.-M. Siaugue, O. Horner, X. Xu, and V. Cabuil, “Nanometric core-shell-shell γ-Fe2O3/SiO2/TiO2particles,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 459–465, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. B. De Caprariis, M. Di Rita, M. Stoller, N. Verdone, and A. Chianese, “Reaction-precipitation by a spinning disc reactor: influence of hydrodynamics on nanoparticles production,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 76, pp. 73–80, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. Jin, A. Jawor, S. Kim, and E. M. V. Hoek, “Effects of feed water temperature on separation performance and organic fouling of brackish water RO membranes,” Desalination, vol. 238, no. 1–3, pp. 346–359, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Hong and M. Elimelech, “Chemical and physical aspects of natural organic matter (NOM) fouling of nanofiltration membranes,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 132, no. 2, pp. 159–181, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. Li, L. Li, J. Boerio-Goates, and B. F. Woodfield, “High purity anatase TiO2 nanocrystals: near room-temperature synthesis, grain growth kinetics, and surface hydration chemistry,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 24, pp. 8659–8666, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus