The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Five Pistacia species (P. vera, P. atlantica, P. terebinthus, P. khinjuk, and P. lentiscus): A Review of Their Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacology

Table 2

Chemical compounds isolated from selected Pistacia species.

Name of compoundStructureSpeciesPlant partReferences

Monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and volatile oil
1 -pinene219815.tab.002a P.  vera  

Leaf and unripe fruit
Resin
[14]

[12, 15]
P.  terebinthus Fruit
Aerial part
[16]
[17]
P. terebinthus  
var. palaestina
Leaf and gall[18]
P.  lentiscus var. chia Resin[19]
P.  lentiscus   Leaf
Fruit
Aerial part
[20]
[21]
[2224]
P.  atlantica   Leaf, fruit, and gall
Resin
[25]
[26, 27]

2Limonene219815.tab.002b P.  vera Leaf[28]
Fruit[28]
Resin[12]
P.  terebinthus Unripe and ripe fruits[29]
P.  lentiscus Fruit[28]
Leaf[28, 36]

3Terpinolene219815.tab.002cP.  vera  
P.  atlantica
Leaf
Leaf
[28]
[28]

4 -Ocimene219815.tab.002d

5 -Ocimene219815.tab.002e P.  vera
P.  terebinthus
Leaf
Unripe and ripe fruits
Leaf
[28]

[18]

[28]

6Terpinen-4-ol219815.tab.002fP.  terebinthus Leaf [30]
P.  atlantica Unripe fruits[31]
Leaf [27, 31]
P.  lentiscus Aerial parts[22]
Leaf [30, 35]

7p-Cymene219815.tab.002gP.  terebinthus Young shoots[29]

8Bornyl acetate219815.tab.002hP.  atlantica Fruits[27]

9 Sabinene219815.tab.002i P.  atlantica Fruits[28]
Unripe fruits[31]
Leaf buds[31]
P.  lentiscus Fruits
Leaf
[28]

10 Myrcene219815.tab.002jP.  atlantica Unripe fruits[31]
Leaf [31]
P.  lentiscus Fruits [34, 36]
Leaf

11 p-Mentha-1 (7),8 diene
219815.tab.002kP.  atlantica Leaf
Leaf buds
[31]
[31]

12 -carene219815.tab.002lP.  atlantica Unripe galls[32]

13Verbenone219815.tab.002mP.  lentiscus Mastic water 
Mastic oil
[33] 
  [19]

14 -terpineol219815.tab.002nP.  lentiscus Mastic water
Mastic oil
[33] 
  [19]

15Linalool219815.tab.002oP.  lentiscus Mastic water[33]

16Trans-pinocarveol219815.tab.002pP.  lentiscus Mastic water[33]

17 -pinene219815.tab.002qP.  lentiscus Resin[30]

18Camphene219815.tab.002rP.  vera Resin[12]

19Carvacrol219815.tab.002sP.  vera Resin[12]

20Germacrene-D219815.tab.002tP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
Leaf
Flowers
[28]
[29]

21 -caryophyllene219815.tab.002uP.  terebinthus Leaf [28]
P.  lentiscus Leaf [34]
Galls[24]

22Spathulenol219815.tab.002vP.  atlantica  
P.  khinjuk
Leaf
Leaf
[37]
[38]

23Longifolene219815.tab.002wP.  lentiscus Aerial parts[39]

Diterpenoids
24Abietadiene219815.tab.002xP.  vera Resin[12]

25Abietatriene219815.tab.002yP.  vera Resin[12]

Triterpenoids
26Masticadienonic acid219815.tab.002zP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
P.  atlantica
Resin
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]
[42]

27Masticadienolic acid219815.tab.002aaP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
P.  atlantica
Resin
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]
[42]

28Morolic acid219815.tab.002bbP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
P.  atlantica
Resin
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]
[42]

29Oleanolic acid219815.tab.002ccP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
P.  atlantica
Resin
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]
[42]

30Ursonic acid219815.tab.002ddP.  atlantica Resin[42]

31Tirucallol219815.tab.002eeP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]

32Dammaradienone219815.tab.002ffP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]

33 -Amyrin219815.tab.002ggP.  lentiscus  
  P.  terebinthus
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]

34Lupeol219815.tab.002hhP.  lentiscus  
P.  terebinthus
Resin
Resin
[40]
[41]

353-O-acetyl-3-epiisomasticadienolic acid219815.tab.002iiP.  atlantica Resin[42]

Phenolic compounds
36Gallic acid219815.tab.002jjP.  vera

P.  lentiscus

P.  atlantica
Seed and skin
Leaf
Fruit
Gall and Leaf
[44] 
[45] 
[52]

[46]

37Catechin219815.tab.002kkP.  vera      P.  lentiscus Seed and skin
Leaf
[44] 
[45]

38Epicatechin219815.tab.002llP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

39Digallic acid219815.tab.002mmP.  lentiscus Fruits[47]

403-(8-Pentadecenyl)-phenol 219815.tab.002nnP.  vera Kernel[48]

41Trans-resveratrol219815.tab.002ooP.  vera Kernel[4951]

42Cis-resveratrol219815.tab.002ppP.  vera Kernel[49]

433,4,5-Tri-O-galloyl quinic acid219815.tab.002qqP.  lentiscus Leaf[45]

44Monogalloyl glucose219815.tab.002rrP.  lentiscus Leaf[45]

451,2,3,4,6-Pentagalloyl glucose219815.tab.002ssP.  lentiscus Fruit[52]

46Naringenin219815.tab.002ttP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

47Eriodictyol219815.tab.002uuP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

48Daidzein219815.tab.002vvP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

49Genistein219815.tab.002wwP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

50Quercetin219815.tab.002xxP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

51Kaempferol219815.tab.002yyP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

52Apigenin219815.tab.002zzP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

53Luteolin219815.tab.002aaaP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

54Quercetin-3-O-rutinoside219815.tab.002bbbP.  vera Seed and skin[44]

556′-Hydroxyhypolaetin 3′-methyl ether219815.tab.002cccP.  terebinthus Fruits[53]

56Quercetin-3-glucoside219815.tab.002dddP.  atlantica  
P.  lentiscus
Aerial parts[54]

573-Methoxycarpachromene219815.tab.002eeeP.  atlantica Aerial parts[55]

58Myricetin-3-glucoside219815.tab.002fffP.   khinjuk Aerial parts[54]

59Myricetin-3-galactoside219815.tab.002gggP.   khinjuk Aerial parts[54]

60Myricetin-3-rutinoside 219815.tab.002hhhP.   khinjuk Aerial parts[54]

61Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside219815.tab.002iii P.  vera  

P.  lentiscus  

Skin 
Nuts  
Berries  
leaves
[44]
[56]
[57]

[7]
[45]

62Cyanidin-3-galactoside219815.tab.002jjjP.  vera Skin
Nuts
[44, 56]
[57]

63Delphinidin-3-O-glucoside219815.tab.002kkkP.  lentiscus Berries
Leaves
[7]
[45]

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