The Scientific World Journal

Volume 2013, Article ID 278013, 8 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/278013

## Multiple Solutions for a Singular Quasilinear Elliptic System

^{1}College of Science, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China^{2}College of Mathematics and Statistics, Yili Normal University, Yining 835000, China^{3}Science and Information College, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China

Received 12 August 2013; Accepted 5 September 2013

Academic Editors: F. Khani and H. Xu

Copyright © 2013 Lin Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

We consider the multiplicity of nontrivial solutions of the following quasilinear elliptic system , , , , , where , , , , , . The functions , , , , , , and satisfy some suitable conditions. We will prove that the problem has at least two nontrivial solutions by using Mountain Pass Theorem and Ekeland's variational principle.

#### 1. Introduction

In this paper, we consider the multiplicity of solutions to a class of quasilinear elliptic system where , , , , , .

In recent 20 years, existence and multiplicity for a quasilinear elliptic equation and equations have been studied widely. In [1], Yu has studied the existence of a nontrivial weak solution to the quasilinear elliptic problem where is a smooth exterior domain in , , is a positive function, and is a nonnegative function. Problems of this type are motivated by mathematical physics, since certain stationary waves in nonlinear Klein-Gordon or Schrödinger equations can be reduced to this form (see [2, 3]). Problem (2) began to attract more and more attention after the work of Yu [1]; we refer the readers to [4–8].

In [9], Hsu studied the following elliptic system: where is a bounded domain, , , and , satisfy . The problem (3) is the special case of problem (1), while , . By applying Nehari manifold method, the author proved the problem (3) has at least one positive solution when and has at least two positive solutions when .

This paper is motivated by the results of [9–12]. Replacing the Nehari manifold methods, we use the Mountain Pass Theory and Ekeland’s variational principle to study the existence of multiple solutions for problem (1). It seems difficult to get the same result by Nehari manifold methods.

Throughout this paper, we make the following hypotheses:, , , ., ., , , , .

In this paper, we let the completion of the space with respect to the norm , and let the completion of with respect to the norm .

We define where , .

The following inequality is called Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg inequality [13]. There is a constant such that where , , , and .

Let denote the usual Sobolev space with the norm Then is a reflexive and separable Banach space endowed with the norm .

*Definition 1. *We say that is a weak solution of problem (1) if for all , there holds

It is clear that problem (1) has a variational structure. Let be the energy functional corresponding to problem (1) which is defined by
where
Then, we see that functional and for all , there holds
In particular, it follows from (10) that
It is clear that the critical points of the energy functional correspond to the weak solutions of problem (1). Thus, to prove the existence of weak solutions for the problem (1), it is sufficient to show that admits a sequence of critical points in . Our main result is the following.

Theorem 2. *Assume that hold. There exist such that if satisfy and , then the problem (1) has at least two nontrivial solutions.*

#### 2. The Proof of Theorem 2

In this section, we first introduce a compact embedding theory which is an extension of the classical Rellich-Kondrachov compactness theorem; see Xuan [13].

Lemma 3. *Assume that is an open bounded domain with boundary and , , . Then the embedding is continuous if and and is compact if and .*

The following lemma is called the Mountain Pass Theorem, see [14] (also see [15]).

Lemma 4 (Mountain Pass Theorem). *Let be a real Banach space and with . Suppose that satisfies condition and** there are , such that when ;** there is , such that .**
Define
**
Then
**
is a critical value of .*

Lemma 5. *Assume that hold. There exist such that if the parameters , satisfy , and , then satisfies the assumptions in Lemma 4.*

*Proof. *Let . By (8),
By and the Hölder inequality, we have
where , .

Similarly,
Hence, it follows from (15) and (16) that
Since , we obtain from the Hölder inequality and (5) that
Similarly,
Then,
Using the Hölder inequality, we get
where , .

Similarly, we have
Thus,
with .

Let
To verify in Lemma 4, it suffices to show that for some .

Note that where or . Then has a minimum at . In order to find , we have
So that and
Moreover, implies that
where .

Thus, it follows from (23) and (27) that there exist such that with and . Then satisfies the assumption in Lemma 4.

We now verify in Lemma 4. Choose such that
Then
and (), since . Therefore, there exists large enough, such that . Then we take and . The condition of Lemma 4 is true. This completes the proof of Lemma 5.

Lemma 6. *Let - hold.**If and are bounded sequences in , then there exist subsequences, still denoted and , and , such that as *

*Proof. *Let , .

Since is bounded in , is bounded in for for all . By Lemma 3, has a subsequence which converges in . Likewise, the subsequence is bounded in . So that it has a subsequence which converges in . Since is a subsequence of , in . Continuing this process, we obtain a sequence with the following properties:
It is clear that a.e in , where
By a diagonal process, we take which is a subsequence of . Thus, we have
Without loss of generality, we assume that the subsequence is itself. So
This implies that for ,
Now, we prove
Indeed,
where .

The fact gives that .

Then, (37) implies that
This gives (36).

In the following, we show that
Since the sequence is bounded in , we can assume (up to a subsequence) that weakly in and for some constant and all .

By (36), we know that for any , there exists so large that
Since the embeddding is compact (see Lemma 3), we have
Thus, there exists , when ,
So
This shows that in as .

By Brezis-Lieb’s Lemma in [16], we obtain that (39) is true.

Similarly, we can prove

*Remark 7. *By Brezis-Lieb’s Lemma, it follows from (30) that

Lemma 8. *Assume that hold. Then defined by (8) satisfies condition on .*

*Proof. *Let be a sequence of in ; that is, , , in . We first claim that is bounded in . In fact, for large , we obtain
Since , we conclude that is bounded. Then, the and are bounded in , respectively. Thus, there exist and a subsequence of , still denoted by , such that
Denote
Then the fact in implies as .

Since that in , we see that
Let
From dominated convergence theory and Lemma 6, we can conclude
From Hölder inequality,
Similarly, we have
Then it follows from (48), (49) to (54) that , as .

So
Using the standard inequality in given by
we have from (55) that , as .

Thus, satisfies condition on .

*Proof of Theorem 2. *By Lemmas 5 and 8, satisfies all assumptions in Lemma 4. Then there exists such that is a solution of problem (1) by Lemma 4. Furthermore, .

We now seek a solution of problem (1). Choose such that , and then
for small and thus for any open ball such that
Thus, exists , such that
Letting such that
Then, by Ekeland’s variational principle in [17], there exists such that
Then it follows from (59) to (61) that
so that . We now consider the functional given by
Then (62) shows that , , , , and thus is a strict local minimum of . Moreover,
Hence,
Let ; then,
Replacing in (67) by , we get
So that .

Therefore, there is a sequence such that , and in as . By Lemma 5, has a convergent subsequence in , still denoted by , such that in . Thus is a solution of (1) with . Then the proof of Theorem 2 is complete.

#### References

- L. S. Yu, “Nonlinear p-Laplacian problems on unbounded domains,”
*Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society*, vol. 115, pp. 1037–1045, 1992. View at Google Scholar - M. Reed and B. Simon,
*Methods of Modern Mathematics Physics IV. Analysis of Operators*, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1978. - W. A. Strauss, “Existence of solitary waves in higher dimensions,”
*Communications in Mathematical Physics*, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 149–162, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - R. B. Assunçâo, P. C. Carriâo, and O. H. Miyaki, “Subscritical perturbations of a singular quasilinearelliptic equation involving the critical Hardy-Sobolev exponent,”
*Nonlinear Analysis*, vol. 66, pp. 1351–1364, 2007. View at Google Scholar - O. H. Miyagaki and R. S. Rodrigues, “On positive solutions for a class of singular quasilinear elliptic systems,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 334, no. 2, pp. 818–833, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - F. Brock, L. Iturriaga, J. Sánchez, and P. Ubilla, “Existence of positive solutions for p-Laplacian problems with weights,”
*Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis*, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 941–952, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - S. H. Rasouli and G. A. Afrouzi, “The Nehari manifold for a class of concave-convex elliptic systems involving the p-Laplacian and nonlinear boundary condition,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications*, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 3390–3401, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - S. L. Zhu, C. S. Chen, and H. P. Yao, “Existence of multiple solutions for a singular quasilinear elliptic equation in ℝ
^{N},”*Computers and Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 4525–4534, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - T.-S. Hsu, “Multiple positive solutions for a critical quasilinear elliptic system with concave-convex nonlinearities,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications*, vol. 71, no. 7-8, pp. 2688–2698, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - M. N. Poulou, N. M. Stavrakakis, and N. B. Zographopoulos, “Global bifurcation results on degenerate quasilinear elliptic systems,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications*, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 214–227, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - A. Djellit and S. Tas, “Quasilinear elliptic systems with critical Sobolev exponents in ℝ
^{N},”*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications*, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 1485–1497, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - K. J. Brown and T.-F. Wu, “A semilinear elliptic system involving nonlinear boundary condition and sign-changing weight function,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 337, no. 2, pp. 1326–1336, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - B. J. Xuan, “The solvability of quasilinear Brezis-Nirenberg-type problems with singular weights,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications*, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 703–725, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - A. Ambrosetti and P. H. Rabinowitz, “Dual variational methods in critical point theory and applications,”
*Journal of Functional Analysis*, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 349–381, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - M. Struwe,
*Variational Methods, Applications to Nonlinear Partional Differential Equations and Hamiltonian Systems*, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 3rd edition, 2000. - H. Brezis and E. H. Lieb, “A relation between pointwise convergence of functions and convergence of functionals,”
*Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society*, vol. 88, pp. 486–490, 1983. View at Google Scholar - I. Ekeland, “On the variational principle,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 324–353, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus