Emergent Biomarkers of Residual Cardiovascular Risk in Patients with Low HDL-c and/or High Triglycerides and Average LDL-c Concentrations: Focus on HDL Subpopulations, Oxidized LDL, Adiponectin, and Uric Acid
Markers of inflammatory and angiogenic profile of the populations under study.
(1) Effects of TGs levels (normal versus high) on normal and low HDL-c conditions/populations
(2) Effects of HDL-c levels (normal versus high) on normal and high TGs conditions
(3) Effects of variations of both HDL-c and TGs levels
Normal HDL-c ()
Low HDL-c ()
Normal TGs () Population A
High TGs () Population B
A versus B
Normal TGs () Population C
High TGs () Population D
C versus D
(Normal TGs) (A versus C)
(High TGs) (B versus D)
A versus D
B versus C
Uric acid (mmol/L)
Results are presented as media ± SEM. Independent samples -test and Mann-Whitney test for normalized and nonnormalized samples, respectively. CRP: C-reactive protein; iCAM-1: intercellular adhesion molecule 1; TNF-: tumour necrosis factor alpha; VEGF: vascular endothelial growth factor.
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