The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Immigrant Health Inequalities in the United States: Use of Eight Major National Data Systems

Table 6

Weighted prevalence and adjusted odds of health-risk behaviors among US adults aged 18+ years from 26 ethnic-immigrant groups: The National Health Interview Survey, 2007–2012.

Current smokingPhysical inactivityObesity (BMI 30)Overweight (BMI 25)
Ethnic-immigrant group PrevalenceAdjusted odds ratio1 PrevalenceAdjusted odds ratio1 PrevalenceAdjusted odds ratio1 PrevalenceAdjusted odds ratio1
%SEOR95% CI%SEOR95% CI%SEOR95% CI%SEOR95% CI

Duration of residence in the US (years)
511.80.70.580.50–0.6742.01.21.341.21–1.5011.80.80.380.33–0.4544.71.30.570.51–0.64
 5–910.60.60.470.41–0.5443.91.01.311.19–1.4516.70.70.460.41–0.5150.91.00.560.51–0.61
 10–149.90.60.430.37–0.4941.90.91.171.07–1.2819.90.80.530.48–0.5958.11.00.700.64–0.76
 15+11.90.30.650.60–0.7040.60.51.030.98–1.0924.30.40.680.64–0.7363.60.50.840.79–0.88
 US-born21.20.21.00Reference32.30.41.00Reference28.90.21.00Reference63.30.21.00Reference
Ethnic-immigrant group
 Non-Hispanic white, US-born21.50.21.00Reference30.60.41.00Reference26.80.21.00Reference61.50.21.00Reference
 Non-Hispanic white, immigrant15.70.70.800.73–0.8931.30.81.111.02–1.2120.00.70.730.67–0.8056.10.90.840.78–0.90
 Non-Hispanic black, US-born21.70.40.650.61–0.6842.60.61.331.26–1.4139.30.51.661.59–1.7372.00.41.811.73–1.90
 Non-Hispanic black, immigrant7.70.70.210.17–0.2541.61.41.451.29–1.6322.01.10.750.66–0.8462.61.31.121.01–1.26
 American Indian/Alaska native32.02.71.200.91–1.5738.42.21.140.92–1.4041.72.11.871.57–2.2369.61.81.541.29–1.85
 Asian Indian, US-born4.41.50.260.13–0.5220.84.01.230.79–1.948.62.70.420.21–0.8339.35.20.810.52–1.27
 Asian Indian, immigrant5.60.60.310.24–0.3931.21.61.681.43–1.9810.41.10.380.30–0.4846.01.60.600.52–0.69
 Chinese, US-born4.71.20.290.18–0.4822.62.81.250.89–1.747.01.40.300.20–0.4532.62.70.430.34–0.55
 Chinese, immigrant6.00.60.280.22–0.3634.21.51.401.20–1.633.10.60.090.06–0.1424.31.30.210.18–0.24
 Filipino, US-born17.41.90.860.65–1.1330.42.21.251.01–1.5320.91.90.810.64–1.0255.82.60.930.75–1.15
 Filipino, immigrant10.61.10.570.45–0.7333.31.91.531.29–1.8111.91.10.410.33–0.5149.91.90.680.59–0.79
 Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, US-born23.93.80.940.62–1.4330.34.81.300.81–2.1040.43.92.131.53–2.9672.94.32.401.51–3.82
 Pacific Islander, immigrant13.04.70.370.17–0.8137.66.71.270.66–2.4541.36.51.811.02–3.2079.65.02.401.18–4.90
 Other Asians, US-born215.31.30.800.66–0.9824.21.61.080.92–1.2713.01.30.540.42–0.6844.91.70.680.58–0.79
 Other Asians, immigrant213.40.90.540.46–0.6438.61.21.461.30–1.646.20.60.180.15–0.2232.01.20.290.26–0.33
 Mexican, US-born16.50.60.480.44–0.5233.50.91.141.06–1.2437.30.81.751.64–1.8771.70.62.011.88–2.15
 Mexican, immigrant10.60.40.190.17–0.2048.30.81.281.19–1.3729.40.60.960.90–1.0371.70.71.541.43–1.66
 Puerto Rican, mainland US-born20.11.30.570.48–0.6740.71.81.481.27–1.7135.51.81.571.35–1.8270.01.61.821.57–2.12
 Puerto Rican, Puerto Rico-born17.21.30.500.42–0.6054.41.61.581.36–1.8434.71.31.301.15–1.4671.21.41.521.33–1.73
 Cuban, US-born19.22.60.780.54–1.1032.03.21.401.03–1.9025.93.91.100.73–1.6559.32.91.230.95–1.60
 Cuban, immigrant15.41.30.510.42–0.6356.91.71.861.59–2.1928.21.60.920.79–1.0767.62.01.150.94–1.41
 Central & South American, US-born11.51.50.380.28–0.5129.92.21.291.04–1.6024.12.01.160.93–1.4660.12.21.561.28–1.91
 Central & South American, immigrant9.40.60.200.18–0.2447.81.01.421.29–1.5522.00.80.680.62–0.7564.10.91.101.01–1.19
 Other Hispanics, US-born23.61.50.910.76–1.0828.21.50.910.76–1.0833.71.91.461.23–1.7373.01.51.971.68–2.31
 Other Hispanics, immigrant12.32.60.340.21–0.5539.84.11.220.86–1.7334.44.21.320.91–1.9271.03.41.411.04–1.92
 All other groups17.92.10.690.52–0.9231.72.51.170.92–1.4926.52.61.160.87–1.5558.62.71.110.88–1.40

OR: odds ratio; SE: standard error; CI: confidence interval.
1Adjusted by logistic regression for survey year, age, gender, ethnic-immigrant status (or race/ethnicity and length of immigration), region of residence, education, marital status, poverty status, and occupation.
2This category includes Koreans, Vietnamese, Japanese, Cambodians, Laotians, Hmongs, Thais, Pakistanis, and other Asians.