Research Article | Open Access
Regarding the Charmed-Strange Member of the Meson State
By employing the mass relations derived from the mass matrix and Regge trajectory, we investigate the masses of charmed and charmed-strange members of the meson. The masses are compared with the values predicted by other theoretical approaches and experimental data. The results may be useful for the discovery of the unobserved meson and the determination of the quantum number of the newly discovered states.
Charmed spectroscopy becomes an active field with many new states observed in the experiment in the last few years [1–8]. The (with the mass MeV and decay width MeV) was reported in the two decay modes and by the Selex collaboration . In [9–11], was interpreted as the first radical excitation of . However, the narrow and dominated decay mode implies that the assignment is problematic. On the other hand, the mass of the is lower than the value of the tradition potential model predictions. Therefore, the is also interpreted as a tetraquark, a hybrid, a diquark-antiquark bound state, and so forth.
Recently, Belle collaboration observed a new state with a mass of MeV and width MeV . Based on its observed decay channel , the resonance is interpreted as a charmed-strange meson state.
Firstly, we reviewed the assignment of the meson state in the quark model (see Table 1). According to the new edition of Particle Data Group (PDG) , the states and have been well established as the isoscalar member in the meson state. is assigned as isodoublet member however, it is still based on very weak experimental signals. Till now, the has been reported by two experiments (with mass MeV and width MeV) and  (with mass MeV and width MeV). The assignment of isodoublet of the meson state was investigated in our previous work . For the heavy-light meson, the charmed-strange member of the meson state has attracted more attention, recently. Both the and the are probably interpreted as charmed-strange candidate of the meson state [9–11, 14]. The nonstrange partner of has not been observed in the experiment.
In this work, based on the isoscalar states can mix to form the physical states in the quark model and the linear Regge trajectory; we establish the new mass relations which relate the mass spectrum of meson state and constituent quark masses. Inserting the corresponding constituent quark masses and the following well-established states, we reexamine the mass spectrum of the meson state. The results could be a useful comparison with the experiment data in the new experiment.
2. Mass Matrix and Regge Trajectory
In the quark model, the two isoscalar states with the same will mix to form the physical isoscalar states. We can establish the mass-squared matrix in the and basis  as follows: where and are the masses of isovector and isodoublet states of the meson nonet, respectively and , , and are the mixing parameters which describe the transition amplitudes. In order to reduce the number of parameters, we adopt the similar expression of the transition amplitudes in the process which is widely used in [26–28] as follows: where is a phenomenological parameter. Based on the isospin symmetry, we have , ( denote the mass of light quark , , and ).
In the meson nonet, we assume that the physical states and are the eigenstates of mass-squared matrix and the masses square of and are the eigenvalues, respectively. The physical states and can be related to the and by and the unitary matrix can be described as
In relation (5), the masses of and are related with constituent quarks mass and phenomenological parameter .
Regge theory is cornered with the particle spectrum, the forces between particles, and the high energy behavior of scattering amplitudes. Because the Regge trajectories can offer an effective way for the assignment and the classification of meson states, it also become an active field with many new particles and resonances being observed in the experiment in the last decade. In , the authors investigated the mass of different meson multiplets and suggested that the quasilinear Regge trajectories could describe the meson mass spectrum. Khruschov , using the phenomenology formulae deprive from the Regge trajectories, predicted the masses of excited meson states. Anisovich et al.  show that meson states can fit to the quasi-linear Regge trajectories with good accuracy.
According to the hadron with a set of given quantum numbers belonging to a quasilinear trajectory, we will have the following relation : where refers to the quark (antiquark) flavor, and are, respectively, the spin and mass of the meson. The parameters and are, respectively, the slope and intercept of the trajectory. The intercepts and slopes can be described by [15, 29]
Relation (7) is satisfied in two-dimensional QCD , the dual-analytic model , and the quark bremsstrahlung model . Relation (8) is derived from the topological and the -string picture of hadrons . According to available data of meson states, Burakovsky constructed a slope formula (9) for all quarks flavors  follows: where and are the corresponding constituent quark masses and the GeV−2 is the standard Regge slope in the light quark sector.
From relations (6)–(9), we obtained the following relation: Using relations (5) and (10), we can obtain the masses of , , and in the meson state. In this paper, we use the average values of the constituent quark mass as input parameters (see Table 2). The mass of , , and used are taken from the new edition of PDG . Our results are presented in Table 3.
If MeV and and are assigned as the member of the meson nonet, we can investigate the quarkonia content of isoscalar state. Based on the previous assumption that physical states and are the eigenvectors of mass-squared matrix, the unitary matrix can be described as
Inserting the masses of isoscalar states, we obtain the quarkonia content of and as follows:
3. The Results and Conclusions
In summary, based on the mass matrix and Regge trajectory, we investigate the masses of , , and in the meson state. The mass of is determined to be 1579.82 MeV; the results is consistent with our previous work. For the heavy-light meson section, we predicted the mass of charmed-strange member to be MeV. The value is larger than and in agreement with the . Moreover, on the basis of unusual decay modes and narrow width of the , we suggest that the should be the first radial excitation of the . As a byproduct, the quarkonia content of and was offered, which implies that is pure state and is pure state. Our results should be useful for the assignment and the identification of the member of the meson state in the new experiment.
Conflict of Interests
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.
This project was supported by Zhengzhou University of Light Industry Foundation of China (Grant nos. 2009XJJ011 and 2012XJJ008) and the Key Project of Scientific and Technological Research of the Education Department of Henan Province (Grant no. 13B140332).
- B. Aubert, R. F. Cowan, BARAR Collaboration et al., “Observation of a narrow meson state decaying to at a mass of 2.32 GeV/c2,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 90, Article ID 242001, 2003.
- D. Besson, U. Kansas, CLEO Collaboration et al., “Observation of a narrow resonance of mass 2.46 GeV/c2 decaying to and confirmation of the (2317) state,” Physical Review D, vol. 68, Article ID 032002, 2003.
- Y. Mikami, K. Abe, BELLE Collaboration et al., “Measurements of the resonance properties,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 92, Article ID 012002, 2004.
- P. Krokovny, K. Abe, BELLE Collaboration et al., “Observation of the , (2317) and , (2457) in B decays,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 91, Article ID 262002, 2003.
- A. Evdokimov, J. Russ, (SELEX Collaboration) et al., “Observation of a narrow Charm-Strange meson (2632) and D0K+,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 93, Article ID 242001, 2004.
- B. Aubert, R. Barate, BARAR Collaboration et al., “Observation of a new DS meson decaying to DK at a mass of 2.86 GeV/c2,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 97, Article ID 222001, 2006.
- K. Abe, P. Krokovny, BELLE Collaboration et al., “Observation of a new meson in decays,” http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ex/0608031.
- J. Brodzicka, K. Abe, BELLE Collaboration et al., “Observation of a new meson in decays,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 100, Article ID 092001, 2008.
- K.-T. Chao, “A note on possible interpretations for the (2632) observed by SELEX,” Physics Letters B, vol. 599, no. 1-2, pp. 43–47, 2004.
- T. Barnes, F. E. Close, J. J. Dudek, S. Godfrey, and E. S. Swanson, “Options for the SELEX state (2632),” Physics Letters B, vol. 600, p. 223, 2004.
- E. van Beveren and G. Rupp, “Multichannel calculation of vector states and the (2632) resonance,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 93, no. 20, 2004.
- W. M. Yao, C. Amsler, D. Asner et al., “Review of particle physics,” Journal of Physics G, vol. 33, no. 1, p. 1, 2006.
- X. Feng and F. Jiang, “Assignment of isodoublet of 23S1 meson nonet,” Chinese Physics Letters, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 3100–3102, 2007.
- B. Zhang, X. Liu, W. Deng, and S. Zhu, “(2860) and (2715),” European Physical Journal C, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 617–628, 2007.
- L. Burakovsky and T. Goldman, “On the Regge slopes intramultiplet relation,” Physics Letters B, vol. 434, no. 3-4, pp. 251–256, 1998.
- M. Karliner and H. J. Lipkin, “The constituent quark model revisited-quark Masses, new predictions for hadron masses and KN pentaquark,” http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0307243.
- M. D. Scadron, R. Delbourgo, and G. Rupp, “Constituent quark masses and the electroweak standard model,” Journal of Physics G, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 735–745, 2006.
- V. B. Jovanovic, “Masses and mixing of tetraquarks using Glozman-Riska hyperfine interaction,” Physical Review D, vol. 76, Article ID 105011, 2007.
- M. Lavelle and D. McMullan, “Constituent quarks from QCD,” Physics Report, vol. 279, no. 1, pp. 1–65, 1997.
- D. M. Li, B. Ma, Q. K. Yao, J. L. Feng, X. C. Feng, and H. Yu, “Meson mixing and the mass of the isodoublet of 21S0 nonet,” Modern Physics Letters A, vol. 18, no. 39, pp. 2775–2783, 2003.
- S. N. Gupta and J. M. Johnson, “Quantum-chromodynamic potential model for light-heavy quarkonia and the heavy quark effective theory,” Physical Review D, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 168–175, 1995.
- D. Ebert, V. O. Galkin, and R. N. Faustov, “Mass spectrum of orbitally and radially excited heavy-light mesons in the relativistic quark model,” Physical Review D, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 5663–5669, 1998.
- S. Godfrey and R. Kokoski, “Properties of P-wave mesons with one heavy quark,” Physical Review D, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1679–1687, 1991.
- J. Zeng, J. W. Van Orden, and W. Roberts, “Heavy mesons in a relativistic model,” Physical Review D, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 5229–5241, 1995.
- M. M. Brisudova, L. Burakovsky, and T. Goldman, “New glueball-meson mass relations,” Physical Review D, vol. 58, no. 11, Article ID 114015, pp. 1140151–1140157, 1998.
- S. Godfrey and N. Isgur, “Mesons in a relativized quark model with chromodynamics,” Physical Review D, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 189–231, 1985.
- I. Cohen and H. J. lipkin, “A phenomenological model for pseudoscalar meson mixing,” Nuclear Physics B, vol. 151, pp. 16–28, 1979.
- N. Isgur, “Isospin-violating mass differences and mixing angles: the role of quark masses,” Physical Review D, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 779–786, 1980.
- D. M. Li, B. Ma, Y. X. Li, Q. K. Yao, and H. Yu, “Meson spectrum in Regge phenomenology,” European Physical Journal C, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 323–333, 2004.
- V. V. Khruschov, “Mass spectra of excited meson states consisting of u-, dquarks and antiquarks,” http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0504077.
- A. V. Anisovich, V. V. Anisovich, and A. V. Sarantsev, “Systematics of states in the (n, M2) and (J, M2) planes,” Physical Review D, vol. 62, Article ID 051502, 2000.
- R. C. Brower, J. Ellis, M. G. Schmidt, and J. H. Weis, “What is the relativistic generalization of a linearly rising potential,” Nuclear Physics B, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 75–92, 1977.
- N. A. Kobylinsky, E. S. Martynov, and A. B. Prognimak, “Interrelations between intercepts of Regge trajectories and new mass formulas,” Ukrainian Journal of Physics, vol. 24, p. 969, 1979.
- V. V. Dixit and L. A. P. Balázs, “Regge intercepts of multiquark systems in Feynman's bremsstrahlung analogy,” Physical Review D, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 816–819, 1979.
- A. B. Kaidalov, “Hadronic mass-relations from topological expansion and string model,” Zeitschrift für Physik C, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 63–66, 1982.
- L. Burakovsky and T. Goldman, “Comment on Regge trajectories for all flavors,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 82, no. 2, p. 457, 1999.
Copyright © 2013 Xue-Chao Feng and Jing Chen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.