Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 741906, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/741906
Research Article

HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS Identification of Light Harvesting and Light Screening Pigments in the Lake Sediments at Edmonson Point

Chemistry Section, School of Science and Technology, University of Camerino, Via S. Agostino 1, 62032 Camerino, Italy

Received 29 August 2013; Accepted 12 October 2013

Academic Editors: J. Gebler and A. Welle

Copyright © 2013 Rita Giovannetti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. D. Wynn-Williams, “Potential effects of ultraviolet radiation on Antarctic primary terrestrial colonizers: cyanobacteria, algae and cryptogams,” in Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects, C. S. Weiler and P. A. Penhale, Eds., vol. 62 of Antarctic Research Series, pp. 243–257, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, USA, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  2. D. D. Wynn-Williams, N. C. Russell, and H. G. M. Edwards, “Moisture and habitat structure as regulators for microalgal colonists in diverse Antarctic terrestrial habitats,” in Ecosystem Processes in Antarctic Ice-Free Landscapes, W. B. Lyons, C. Howard-Williams, and I. Hawes, Eds., pp. 77–88, Balkema Press, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  3. D. D. Wynn-Williams, “Antarctica as a model for ancient Mars,” in The Search for Life on Mars, Special Publication, J. Hiscox, Ed., pp. 49–57, British Interplanetary Society, London, UK, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. C. Farman, B. G. Gardiner, and J. D. Shanklin, “Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction,” Nature, vol. 315, no. 6016, pp. 207–210, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. J. Fitzsimons, “Paraglacial redistribution of glacial sediments in the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica,” Geomorphology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 93–108, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Porra, E. E. Pfundel, and N. Engel, “Metabolism and function of photosynthetic pigments,” in Phytoplankton Pigments in Oceanography, S. W. Jeffrey, R. F. C. Mantoura, and S. W. Wright, Eds., pp. 85–126, UNESCO, Paris, France, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  7. P. R. Leavitt, “A review of factors that regulate carotenoid and chlorophyll deposition and fossil pigment abundance,” Journal of Paleolimnology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 109–127, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Z. Yacobi, U. Pollingher, Y. Gonen, V. Gerhardt, and A. Sukenik, “HPLC analysis of phytoplankton pigments from Lake Kinneret with special reference to the bloom-forming dinoflagellate Peridinium gatunense (Dinophyceae) and chlorophyll degradation products,” Journal of Plankton Research, vol. 18, pp. 1781–1796, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  9. N. Cannone, D. Wagner, H. W. Hubberten, and M. Guglielmin, “Biotic and abiotic factors influencing soil properties across a latitudinal gradient in Victoria Land, Antarctica,” Geoderma, vol. 144, no. 1-2, pp. 50–65, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. R. Leavitt and D. A. Hodgson, “Sedimentary pigments,” in Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, J. P. Smol, H. J. B. Birks, and W. M. Last, Eds., Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research, pp. 295–325, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  11. C. G. Oviatt, G. D. Habiger, and J. E. Hay, “Variation in the composition of Lake Bonneville marl: a potential key to lake-level fluctuations and paleoclimate,” Journal of Paleolimnology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 19–30, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. P. Hurley and C. J. Watras, “Identification of bacteriochlorophylls in lakes via reverse-phase HPLC,” Limnology & Oceanography, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 307–315, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Villanueva, J. O. Grimalt, R. de Wit, B. J. Keely, and J. R. Maxwell, “Chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments in solar saltern microbial mats,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 58, no. 21, pp. 4703–4711, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. W. Jeffrey, R. F. C. Mantoura, and T. Bjornland, Phytoplankton Pigments in Oceanography: Guidelines to Modern Methods, UNESCO, Paris, France, 1997.
  15. W. F. Vincent, D. R. Mueller, and S. Bonilla, “Ecosystems on ice: the microbial ecology of Markham Ice Shelf in the high Arctic,” Cryobiology, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 103–112, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Garcia-Pichel and R. W. Castenholz, “Characterization and biological implications of scytonemin, a cyanobacterial sheath pigment,” Journal of Phycology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 395–409, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. Garcia-Pichel, N. D. Sherry, and R. W. Castenholz, “Evidence for an ultraviolet sunscreen role of the extracellular pigment scytonemin in the terrestrial cyanobacterium Chlorogloeopsis sp.,” Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 17–23, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. W. Castenholz and F. Garcia-Pichel, “Cyanobacterial responses to UV-radiation,” in The Ecology of Cyanobacteria, M. Potts and B. A. Whitton, Eds., Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  19. P. R. Leavitt, R. D. Vinebrooke, D. B. Donald, J. P. Smol, and D. W. Schindler, “Past ultraviolet radiation environments in lakes derived from fossil pigments,” Nature, vol. 388, no. 6641, pp. 457–459, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. Vincent and A. Quesada, “Ultraviolet radiation effects on cyanobacteria: implications for Antarctic microbial ecosystems,” in Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects, C. S. Weiler and P. A. Penhalew, Eds., vol. 62 of Antarctic Research Series, pp. 111–124, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, USA, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. A. Burford, B. G. Long, and P. C. Rothlisberg, “Copepod predation in phagotrophic ciliates in Oregon coastal waters,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 107, no. 1-2, pp. 103–111, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Egawa, T. Fujiwara, T. Mizoguchi, Y. Kakitani, Y. Koyama, and H. Akutsu, “Structure of the light-harvesting bacteriochlorophyll-c assembly in chlorosomes from Chlorobium limicola determined by solid-state NMR,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 790–795, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus