The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Comparison of Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms between Turkish and European-American Adults

Table 2

Comparison of soft tissue cephalometric values of Turkish males and females using Legan and Burstone analysis.

VariableMalesFemales value
MeanSDMeanSD

Facial form
 Facial convexity angle (°)13,64,214,75,10.104
 Maxillary prognathism (mm)5,23,75,840.108
 Mandibular prognathism (mm)−1.97,6−3.56,90.018*
 Vertical height ratio1,10,110,10.181
 Lower face-throat angle (°)105,18,1106,27,90.724
 Lower vertical height-depth ratio1,61,41,40,40.579
Lip position
 Nasolabial angle (°)105,79,5108,47,40.027*
 Upper lip protrusion (mm)3,91,72,82,10.041*
 Lower lip protrusion (mm)2,41,92,11,60.764
 Mentolabial sulcus (mm)−5.41,6−5.91,60.034
 Vertical lip-chin ratio0,470,10,490,050.527
 Maxillary incisor exposure (mm)2,71,83,21,90.216
 Interlabial gap (mm)1,11,41,11,70.869

–nonsignificant (NS), * , ** , *** .

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