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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 829861, 7 pages
Research Article

A Clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Energy Potential Field

1College of Information Science and Technology, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, China
2College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, China

Received 23 August 2013; Accepted 11 September 2013

Academic Editors: C.-C. Chang and F. Yu

Copyright © 2013 Zuo Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


It is the core issue of researching that how to prolong the lifetime of wireless sensor network. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate a clustering protocol LEACH-PF, which is a multihop routing algorithm with energy potential field of divided clusters. In LEACH-PF, the network is divided into a number of subnetworks and each subnetwork has a cluster head. These clusters construct an intercluster routing tree according to the potential difference of different equipotential fields. The other member nodes of the subnetworks communicate with their cluster head directly, so as to complete regional coverage. The results of simulation show that LEACH-PF can reduce energy consumption of the network effectively and prolong the network lifetime.