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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 946897, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/946897
Research Article

Preparation of Soft Magnetic Fe-Ni-Pb-B Alloy Nanoparticles by Room Temperature Solid-Solid Reaction

State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composite and Functional Materials, School of Material Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China

Received 15 August 2013; Accepted 24 September 2013

Academic Editors: F. Benito-Lopez and S.-P. Ju

Copyright © 2013 Guo-Qing Zhong and Qin Zhong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Fe-Ni-Pb-B alloy nanoparticles was prepared by a solid-solid chemical reaction of ferric trichloride, nickel chloride, lead acetate, and potassium borohydride powders at room temperature. The research results of the ICP and thermal analysis indicate that the resultants are composed of iron, nickel, lead, boron, and PVP, and the component of the alloy is connected with the mole ratio of potassium borohydride and the metal salts. The TEM images show that the resultants are ultrafine and spherical particles, and the particle size is about a diameter of 25 nm. The largest saturation magnetization value of the 21.18 emu g−1 is obtained in the Fe-Ni-Pb-B alloy. The mechanism of the preparation reaction for the Fe-Ni-Pb-B multicomponent alloys is discussed.