The Scientific World Journal

The Scientific World Journal / 2013 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2013 |Article ID 978754 |

Soon-Mo Jung, "On the Stability of One-Dimensional Wave Equation", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2013, Article ID 978754, 3 pages, 2013.

On the Stability of One-Dimensional Wave Equation

Academic Editor: K. Ammari
Received05 Aug 2013
Accepted16 Sep 2013
Published27 Oct 2013


We prove the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of the one-dimensional wave equation, , in a class of twice continuously differentiable functions.

1. Introduction

In 1940, Ulam [1] gave a wide ranging talk before the mathematics club of the University of Wisconsin in which he discussed a number of important unsolved problems. Among those was the question concerning the stability of group homomorphisms:

Let be a group and let be a metric group with the metric . Given , does there exist a such that if a function satisfies the inequality , for all , then there exists a homomorphism with , for all ?

The case of approximately additive functions was solved by Hyers [2] under the assumption that and are Banach spaces. Indeed, he proved that each solution of the inequality , for all and , can be approximated by an exact solution, say an additive function. In this case, the Cauchy additive functional equation, , is said to have the Hyers-Ulam stability.

Rassias [3] attempted to weaken the condition for the bound of the norm of the Cauchy difference as follows: and proved Hyers’ theorem. That is, Rassias proved the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability (or Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability) of the Cauchy additive functional equation. Since then, the stability of several functional equations has been extensively investigated [49].

The terminologies, the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability, and the Hyers-Ulam stability can also be applied to the case of other functional equations, differential equations, and various integral equations.

Given a real number , the partial differential equation is called the (one-dimensional) wave equation, where and denote the second time derivative and the second space derivative of , respectively.

Let be a function. If, for each twice continuously differentiable function satisfying there exist a solution of the (one-dimensional) wave equation (2) and a function such that where is independent of and , then we say that the wave equation (2) has the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability (or the Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability).

In this paper, using an idea from [10], we prove the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of the (one-dimensional) wave equation (2).

2. Generalized Hyers-Ulam Stability

In the following theorem, using the d’Alembert method (method of characteristic coordinates), we prove the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of the (one-dimensional) wave equation (2).

Theorem 1. Let a function be given such that the double integral exists for all . If a twice continuously differentiable function satisfies the inequality for all , then there exists a solution of the wave equation (2) which satisfies for all .

Proof. Let us define a function by If we set and , then we have and for all . Hence, we have for any . Thus, it follows from inequality (6) that for any .
Therefore, we get or equivalently for all .
On account of (8), we get Hence, it follows from (13) and the last equalities that for all .
If we set and in the last inequality, then we obtain for all , where we set
By some tedious calculations, we get for all . Hence, we know that for any ; that is, is a solution of the wave equation (2).

Corollary 2. Given a constant , let a function be given as If a twice continuously differentiable function satisfies inequality (6), for all , then there exists a solution of the wave equation (2) which satisfies for all .

Proof. Since for all , in view of Theorem 1, we conclude that the statement of this corollary is true.

Conflict of Interests

The author declares that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (no. 2013R1A1A2005557).


  1. S. M. Ulam, A Collection of Mathematical Problems, Interscience, New York, NY, USA, 1960.
  2. D. H. Hyers, “On the stability of the linear functional equation,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, vol. 27, pp. 222–224, 1941. View at: Google Scholar
  3. T. M. Rassias, “On the stability of the linear mapping in Banach spaces,” Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 72, pp. 297–300, 1978. View at: Google Scholar
  4. G. L. Forti, “Hyers-Ulam stability of functional equations in several variables,” Aequationes Mathematicae, vol. 50, no. 1-2, pp. 143–190, 1995. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  5. P. Găvrută, “A generalization of the Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of approximately additive mappings,” Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 184, no. 3, pp. 431–436, 1994. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  6. D. H. Hyers, G. Isac, and T. M. Rassias, Stability of Functional Equations of Several Variables, Birkhauser, Boston, Mass, USA, 1998.
  7. D. H. Hyers and T. M. Rassias, “Approximate homomorphisms,” Aequationes Mathematicae, vol. 44, no. 2-3, pp. 125–153, 1992. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  8. S.-M. Jung, Hyers-Ulam-Rassias Stability of Functional Equations in Nonlinear Analysis, vol. 48 of Springer Optimization and Its Applications, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  9. T. M. Rassias, “On the stability of functional equations and a problem of Ulam,” Acta Applicandae Mathematicae, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 23–130, 2000. View at: Google Scholar
  10. B. Hegyi and S.-M. Jung, “On the stability of Laplace's equation,” Applied Mathematics Letters, vol. 26, pp. 549–552, 2013. View at: Google Scholar

Copyright © 2013 Soon-Mo Jung. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

More related articles

710 Views | 401 Downloads | 3 Citations
 PDF Download Citation Citation
 Download other formatsMore
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.