Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 141345, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/141345
Research Article

Measurements of Soil Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Two Maize Agroecosystems at Harvest under Different Tillage Conditions

1Department of Mathematics & Physics, Catholic University, via dei Musei 41, 25121 Brescia, Italy
2ERSAF, Regional Agency for Services to the Agriculture and Forests of the Lombardy Region, via Pola 12, 20124 Milan, Italy

Received 13 May 2014; Revised 29 August 2014; Accepted 1 September 2014; Published 28 October 2014

Academic Editor: Ana Iglesias

Copyright © 2014 Gerosa Giacomo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Fischlin, G. F. Midgley, J. Price et al., “Ecosystems, their properties, goods, and services,” in Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, P. J. van der Linden, and C. E. Hanson, Eds., pp. 211–272, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  2. W. H. Schlesinger and J. A. Andrews, “Soil respiration and the global carbon cycle,” Biogeochemistry, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 7–20, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. M. Silva-Olaya, C. E. P. Cerri, N. La Scala Jr., C. T. S. Dias, and C. C. Cerri, “Carbon dioxide emissions under different soil tillage systems in mechanically harvested sugarcane,” Environmental Research Letters, vol. 8, no. 1, Article ID 015014, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Bond-Lamberty and A. Thomson, “Temperature-associated increases in the global soil respiration record,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7288, pp. 579–582, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Lal, “Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change,” Geoderma, vol. 123, no. 1-2, pp. 1–22, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Lal, “World cropland soils as a source or sink for atmospheric carbon,” Advances in Agronomy, vol. 71, pp. 145–191, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. R. Mosier, “Soil processes and global change,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 221–229, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. W. Gesch, D. C. Reicosky, R. A. Gilbert, and D. R. Morris, “Influence of tillage and plant residue management on respiration of a Florida Everglades Histosol,” Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 92, no. 1-2, pp. 156–166, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. Reicosky, Tillage-Induced CO2 Emissions and Carbon Sequestration: Effect of Secondary Tillage and Compaction, Springer, 2003.
  10. D. C. Reicosky, R. W. Gesch, S. W. Wagner, R. A. Gilbert, C. D. Wente, and D. R. Morris, “Tillage and wind effects on soil CO2 concentrations in muck soils,” Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 221–231, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. La Scala, D. Bolonhezi, and G. Pereira, “Short-term soil CO2 emission after conventional and reduced tillage of a no-till sugar cane area in Southern Brazil,” Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 91, no. 1-2, pp. 244–248, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. M. L. Sánchez, M. I. Ozores, R. Colle et al., “Soil CO2 fluxes in cereal land use of the Spanish plateau: influence of conventional and reduced tillage practices,” Chemosphere, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 837–844, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Bayer, J. Mielniczuk, T. J. C. Amado, L. Martin-Neto, and S. V. Fernandes, “Organic matter storage in a sandy clay loam acrisol affected by tillage and cropping systems in southern Brazil,” Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 54, no. 1-2, pp. 101–109, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Lal and T. Logan, “Agricultural activities and greenhouse gas emissions from soils of the tropics,” in Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect, pp. 293–307, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Six, S. M. Ogle, F. J. Breidt, R. T. Conant, A. R. Mosiers, and K. Paustian, “The potential to mitigate global warming with no-tillage management is only realized when practised in the long term,” Global Change Biology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 155–160, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Fontaine, G. Bardoux, L. Abbadie, and A. Mariotti, “Carbon input to soil may decrease soil carbon content,” Ecology Letters, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 314–320, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. A. Matson and R. C. Harriss, Biogenic Trace Gases: Measuring Emissions from Soil and Water, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 2009.
  18. L. S. Jensen, T. Mueller, K. R. Tate, D. J. Ross, J. Magid, and N. E. Nielsen, “Soil surface CO2 flux as an index of soil respiration in situ: a comparison of two chamber methods,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 28, no. 10-11, pp. 1297–1306, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. J. Griffis, X. Lee, J. M. Baker, S. D. Sargent, and J. Y. King, “Feasibility of quantifying ecosystem-atmosphere C18O16O exchange using laser spectroscopy and the flux-gradient method,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 135, no. 1–4, pp. 44–60, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. M. Norman, C. J. Kucharik, S. T. Gower et al., “A comparison of six methods for measuring soil-surface carbon dioxide fluxes,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 102, no. 24, pp. 28771–28777, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. Rochette, E. Gregorich, and R. Desjardins, “Comparison of static and dynamic closed chambers for measurement of soil respiration under field conditions,” Canadian Journal of Soil Science, vol. 72, pp. 605–609, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. R. Pedersen, S. O. Petersen, and K. Schelde, “A comprehensive approach to soil-atmosphere trace-gas flux estimation with static chambers,” European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 888–902, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. S. Jassal, T. A. Black, Z. Nesic, and D. Gaumont-Guay, “Using automated non-steady-state chamber systems for making continuous long-term measurements of soil CO2 efflux in forest ecosystems,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 161, pp. 57–65, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. Livingston and G. Hutchinson, “Enclosure-based measurement of trace gas exchange: applications and sources of error,” in Biogenic Trace Gases: Measuring Emissions from Soil and Water, pp. 14–51, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  25. A. Mosier and A. Bouwman, “Gas flux measurement techniques with special reference to techniques suitable for measurements over large ecologically uniform areas,” in Soils and the Greenhouse Effect, pp. 289–301, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. Schneider, L. Kutzbach, S. Schulz, and M. Wilmldng, “Overestimation of CO2 respiration fluxes by the closed chamber method in low-turbulence nighttime conditions,” Journal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences, vol. 114, no. 3, Article ID G03005, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. Kutzbach, J. Schneider, T. Sachs et al., “CO2 flux determination by closed-chamber methods can be seriously biased by inappropriate application of linear regression,” Biogeosciences, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 1005–1025, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. J. Wang, Y. G. Zu, H. M. Wang et al., “Effect of collar insertion on soil respiration in a larch forest measured with a LI-6400 soil CO2 flux system,” Journal of Forest Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 57–60, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Rayment and P. Jarvis, “An improved open chamber system for measuring soil CO2 effluxes in the field,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 102, no. 24, pp. 28779–28784, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. A. Davidson, K. Savage, L. V. Verchot, and R. Navarro, “Minimizing artifacts and biases in chamber-based measurements of soil respiration,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 113, no. 1–4, pp. 21–37, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. IUSS Working Group, “World reference base for soil resources,” World Soil Resources Report 103, FAO, Rome, Italy, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  32. S. Brenna, A. Rocca, M. Sciaccaluga, M. Valagussa, and R. Scaccabarozzi, “Stock di carbonio organico e fertilità biologica,” in Regione Lombardia. Il Ruolo Dellagricoltura Conservativa nel Bilancio del Carbonio, AgriCO2ltura. Quaderni della Ricerca, pp. 53–73, Giugno, Milano, Italy, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  33. V. Stolbovoy, L. Montanarella, N. Filippi, S. Selvaradjou, P. Panagos, and J. Gallego, “Soil sampling protocol to certify the changes of organic carbon stock in mineral soils of European Union,” EUR 21576 EN, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, Germany, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  34. A. Walkley and I. A. Black, “An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method,” Soil Science, vol. 37, pp. 29–38, 1934. View at Google Scholar
  35. E. D. Vance, P. C. Brookes, and D. S. Jenkinson, “An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass C,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 703–707, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. K. R. Tate, D. J. Ross, and C. W. Feltham, “A direct extraction method to estimate soil microbial c: effects of experimental variables and some different calibration procedures,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 329–335, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. G. Gerosa, A. Finco, E. Zaglio, R. Marzuoli, M. Chiazzese, and S. Amaducci, “A novel static automatic sampler for soil flux measurements of carbon dioxide and nitrogen protoxide,” in La Chimica Agraria Tra Energia e Ambiente, Proceedings of the 30th Congress of the Italian Society of Agricultural Chemistry, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  38. G. Gerosa, S. Cieslik, and A. Ballarin-Denti, “Micrometeorological determination of time-integrated stomatal ozone fluxes over wheat: a case study in Northern Italy,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 777–788, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. P. Pengthamkeerati, P. P. Motavalli, R. J. Kremer, and S. H. Anderson, “Soil carbon dioxide efflux from a claypan soil affected by surface compaction and applications of poultry litter,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 109, no. 1-2, pp. 75–86, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. Iqbal, R. Hu, S. Lin et al., “CO2 emission in a subtropical red paddy soil (Ultisol) as affected by straw and N-fertilizer applications: a case study in Southern China,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 131, no. 3-4, pp. 292–302, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. L. J. Li, X. Z. Han, M. Y. You, Y. R. Yuan, X. L. Ding, and Y. F. Qiao, “Carbon and nitrogen mineralization patterns of two contrasting crop residues in a Mollisol: Effects of residue type and placement in soils,” European Journal of Soil Biology, vol. 54, pp. 1–6, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. K. Oorts, R. Merckx, E. Gréhan, J. Labreuche, and B. Nicolardot, “Determinants of annual fluxes of CO2 and N2O in long-term no-tillage and conventional tillage systems in northern France,” Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 95, no. 1-2, pp. 133–148, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. T. N. Maraseni and G. Cockfield, “Does the adoption of zero tillage reduce greenhouse gas emissions? An assessment for the grains industry in Australia,” Agricultural Systems, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 451–458, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. De Neve and G. Hofman, “Influence of soil compaction on carbon and nitrogen mineralization of soil organic matter and crop residues,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 30, no. 5-6, pp. 544–549, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. X.-Z. Han, H.-B. Li, and W. R. Horwath, “Temporal variations in soil CO2 efflux under different land use types in the black soil zone of northeast china,” Pedosphere, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 636–650, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. A. Sowerby, H. Blum, T. R. Gray, and A. S. Ball, “The decomposition of Lolium perenne in soils exposed to elevated CO2: comparisons of mass loss of litter with soil respiration and soil microbial biomass,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1359–1366, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. P.-L. Shi, X.-Z. Zhang, Z.-M. Zhong, and H. Ouyang, “Diurnal and seasonal variability of soil CO2 efflux in a cropland ecosystem on the Tibetan Plateau,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 137, no. 3-4, pp. 220–233, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. Y. Liu, K.-Y. Wan, Y. Tao et al., “Carbon dioxide flux from rice paddy soils in central China: effects of intermittent flooding and draining cycles,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 2, Article ID e56562, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. R. Raupach and A. S. Thom, “Turbulence in and above plant canopies,” Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 13, pp. 97–129, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. K. T. Paw U, Y. Brunet, S. Collineau et al., “On coherent structures in turbulence above and within agricultural plant canopies,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 61, no. 1-2, pp. 55–68, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  51. J. Finnigan, “Turbulence in plant canopies,” Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 32, pp. 519–571, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  52. E. S. Takle, W. J. Massman, J. R. Brandle et al., “Influence of high-frequency ambient pressure pumping on carbon dioxide efflux from soil,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 124, no. 3-4, pp. 193–206, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. T. O. West and G. Marland, “A synthesis of carbon sequestration, carbon emissions, and net carbon flux in agriculture: comparing tillage practices in the United States,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 91, no. 1–3, pp. 217–232, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus