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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 215396, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/215396
Research Article

Supernumerary Teeth in Nepalese Children

1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Sciences, B.P.K.I.H.S., Dharan, Nepal
2Department of Dentistry, SHKM Government Medical College, Mewat, Haryana 122107, India
3Department of Pathology, SHKM Government Medical College, Mewat, Haryana 122107, India

Received 31 July 2014; Revised 10 November 2014; Accepted 15 November 2014; Published 23 November 2014

Academic Editor: Mehmet Ozgur Sayin

Copyright © 2014 Varun Pratap Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of supernumerary teeth in a patient sample of Nepalese children. Study Design. A survey was performed on 2684 patients (1829 females and 1035 males) ranging in age from 6 to 14 for the presence of supernumerary teeth. For each patient with supernumerary teeth the demographic variables (age and sex), number, location, eruption status, and morphology were recorded. Descriptive statistics were performed. Results. Supernumerary teeth were detected in 46 subjects (1.6%), of which 26 were males and 20 were females with a male : female ratio of 1.3 : 1. The most commonly found supernumerary tooth was mesiodens followed by maxillary premolars, maxillary lateral incisor, and mandibular lateral incisor. Of the 55 supernumerary teeth examined, 58.18% () had conical morphology, followed by tuberculate (30.90%, ) and supplemental (10.90%, ) forms. The majority of the supernumerary teeth were erupted (56.36%, ). Conclusion. The prevalence of supernumerary teeth in Nepalese children was found to be 1.6%, the most frequent type being mesiodens. Conical morphology was found to be the most common form of supernumerary tooth.