Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 215418, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/215418
Research Article

Prescribed Burning and Clear-Cutting Effects on Understory Vegetation in a Pinus canariensis Stand (Gran Canaria)

1Invasive Species: Interisland Research Group (EIGI), Instituto Universitario de Enfermedades Tropicales y Salud Pública de Canarias (IUETSPC), Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), Avenida Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n, La Laguna 38206, Spain
2Departamento de Geografía, Facultad de Geografía e Historia, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35003, Spain
3Seguridad y Control de Riesgos, Estructura de Teleformación, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35003, Spain
4Área de Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Ambientales, Universidad de León, León 24071, Spain

Received 13 February 2014; Revised 23 June 2014; Accepted 7 July 2014; Published 24 July 2014

Academic Editor: Regis Cereghino

Copyright © 2014 José Ramón Arévalo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. J. Whelan, The Ecology of Fire, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995.
  2. Z. Naveh, “The evolutionary significance of fire in the Mediterranean region,” Vegetatio, vol. 29, pp. 199–208, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  3. H. R. Chandle, P. Cheney, P. Thomas, L. Trabaud, and D. Williams, Fire in Forestry Volume I: Forest Fire Behaviour and Effects, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1983.
  4. M. J. Baeza, A. Valdecantos, J. A. Alloza, and V. R. Vallejo, “Human disturbance and environmental factors as drivers of long-term post-fire regeneration patterns in Mediterranean forests,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 243–252, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. M. Molina-Terrén, F. Grillo, and D. García-Marco, “Uso del fuego prescrito para la creación de rodales cortafuegos: estudio del caso “Las mesas de Ana López”, Vega de San Mateo, Gran Canaria, España,” Investigación Agraria: Sistemas y Recursos Forestales, vol. 15, pp. 271–276, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  6. F. Moreira, O. Viedma, M. Arianoutsou et al., “Landscape—wildfire interactions in southern Europe: implications for landscape management,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 2389–2402, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. J. Phillips and T. A. Waldrop, “Changes in vegetation structure and composition in response to fuel reduction treatments in the South Carolina Piedmont,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 255, no. 8-9, pp. 3107–3116, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Youngblood, C. S. Wright, R. D. Ottmar, and J. D. McIver, “Changes in fuelbed characteristics and resulting fire potentials after fuel reduction treatments in dry forests of the Blue Mountains, Northeastern Oregon,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 255, no. 8-9, pp. 3151–3169, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X. Úbeda, M. Lorca, L. R. Outeiro, S. Bernia, and M. Castellnou, “Effects of prescribed fire on soil quality in Mediterranean grassland (Prades Mountains, north-east Spain),” International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 379–384, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. de Luis, J. Raventós, and J. C. González-Hidalgo, “Post-fire vegetation succession in Mediterranean gorse shrublands,” Acta Oecologica, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Moreira, A. Delgado, S. Ferreira et al., “Effects of prescribed fire on vegetation structure and breeding birds in young Pinus pinaster stands of northern Portugal,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 184, no. 1–3, pp. 225–237, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Calvo, R. Tárrega, and E. Luis, “Regeneration in Quercus pyrenaica ecosystems after surface fires,” International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 1, pp. 205–210, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. E. E. Knapp, D. W. Schwilk, J. M. Kane, and J. E. Keeley, “Role of burning season on initial understory vegetation response to prescribed fire in a mixed conifer forest,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 11–22, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Pérez and J. M. Moreno, “Fire-type and forestry management effects on the early postfire vegetation dynamics of a Pinus pinaster woodland,” Plant Ecology, vol. 134, no. 1, pp. 27–41, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. C. Rego, S. C. Bunting, and J. M. da Silva, “Changes in understory vegetation following prescribed fire in maritime pine forests,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 41, no. 1-2, pp. 21–31, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. Trabaud and J. Lepart, “Diversity and stability in garrigue ecosystems after fire,” Vegetatio, vol. 43, no. 1-2, pp. 49–57, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Calvo, S. Santalla, E. Marcos, L. Valbuena, R. Tárrega, and E. Luis, “Regeneration after wildfire in communities dominated by Pinus pinaster, an obligate seeder, and in others dominated by Quercus pyrenaica, a typical resprouter,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 184, no. 1–3, pp. 209–223, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Kutiel and Z. Naveh, “The effect of fire on nutrients in a pine forest soil,” Plant and Soil, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 269–274, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. B. M. Rau, J. C. Chambers, R. R. Blank, and D. W. Johnson, “Prescribed fire, soil, and plants: burn effects and interactions in the central Great Basin,” Rangeland Ecology & Management, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 169–181, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Höllermann, “The impact of fire in Canarian ecosystems 1983–1998,” Erdkunde, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 70–75, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. S. Notario, D. M. Afonso, and R. Díaz, “Effect of a wildfire on volcanic soils under pine forest and broom scrub in Tenerife (Canary Islands),” in Proceedings of the 13th International Soil Conservation Organization Conference, Brisbane, Australia, paper 739, 2004.
  22. J. Durán, A. Rodríguez, J. M. Fernández-Palacios, and A. Gallardo, “Changes in soil N and P availability in a Pinus canariensis fire chronosequence,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 256, pp. 384–387, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. Durán, A. Rodríguez, J. M. Fernández-Palacios, and A. Gallardo, “Long-term decrease of organic and inorganic nitrogen concentrations due to pine forest wildfire,” Annals of Forest Science, vol. 67, no. 2, p. 207, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Rodríguez, J. Durán, J. M. Fernández-Palacios, and A. Gallardo, “Wildfire changes the spatial pattern of soil nutrient availability in Pinus canariensis forests,” Annals of Forest Science, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 210p1–210p7, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Hernández, N. Rodríguez, J. Notario, C. D. Arbelo, and A. Rodríguez-Rodríguez, “Evaluation of changes in soil in the short and medium term due to a forest fire in the pine forest of Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain),” FLAMMA, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 166–170, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. A. Arévalo, S. Fernández-Lugo, A. Naranjo-Cigala et al., “Post-fire recovery of an endemic Canarian pine forest,” International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 403–409, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. J. J. Parsons, “Human influences on the pine and Laurel Forests of the Canary Islands,” Geographical Review, vol. 71, pp. 253–271, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. del Arco, R. González-González, V. Garzón-Machado, and B. Pizarro-Hernández, “Actual and potential natural vegetation on the Canary Islands and its conservation status,” Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 19, pp. 3089–3140, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  29. J. R. Arévalo and J. M. Fernández-Palacios, “From pine plantations to natural stands. Ecological restoration of a Pinus canariensis sweet, ex spreng forest,” Plant Ecology, vol. 181, no. 2, pp. 217–226, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. C. Messier, K. J. Puettmann, and K. D. Coates, Managing Forests as Complex Adaptive Systems: Building Resilience to the Challenge of Global Change, Earthscan from Routledge, 2013.
  31. E. van der Maabel, “Transformation of cover-abundance values in phytosociology and its effects on community similarity,” Vegetatio, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 97–114, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Arechavaleta, S. Rodríguez, N. Zurita, and A. García, Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias. Hongos plantas y animales terrestres 2009, Gobierno de Canarias, Islas Canarias, Spain, 2010.
  33. S. Nogué, L. de Nascimento, J. M. Fernández-Palacios, R. J. Whittaker, and K. J. Willis, “The ancient forests of La Gomera, Canary Islands, and their sensitivity to environmental change,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 368–377, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. R. Arévalo and J. M. Fernández-Palacios, “9550 Pinares endémicos canaries,” in VV.AA. Bases Ecológicas Preliminares Para la Conservación de los Tipos de Hábitat de Interés Comunitario en España, Dirección General de Medio Natural y Política Forestal, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, y Medio Rural y Marino, Madrid, Spain, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  35. L. S. Glasgow and G. R. Matlack, “Prescribed burning and understory composition in a temperate deciduous forest, Ohio, USA,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 238, no. 1–3, pp. 54–64, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Climent, R. Tapias, J. A. Pardos, and L. Gil, “Fire adaptations in the Canary Islands pine (Pinus canariensis),” Plant Ecology, vol. 171, no. 1-2, pp. 185–196, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Gobierno de Canarias, Ley 12/1994, de 19 de diciembre, de Espacios Naturales de Canaria, Gobierno de Canarias, Boletín Oficial de Canarias no. 157, 1994.
  38. F. Grillo Delgado, D. Díaz Fababú, and J. Camaño Azcárate, III Curso Européo Avanzado de Manejo de Fuego, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 2009.
  39. A. L. Page, R. H. Miller, and D. R. Keeney, Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, ASA Monograph Number 9, ASA, Madison, Wis, USA, 1982.
  40. M. Anderson, R. Gorley, and K. Clarke, Permanova + for Primer: Guide to Software and Statistical Methods, Primer-E, Plymouth, UK, 2008.
  41. K. R. Clarke and R. M. Warwick, Change in Marine Communities: An Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation, PRIMER-E, Plymouth, UK, 2nd edition, 2001.
  42. K. R. Clarke, “Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 117–143, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. J. Lepš and P. Šmilauer, Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data Using CANOCO, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2003.
  44. C. J. F. Ter Braak and P. Šmilauer, CANOCO Reference Manual and User's Guide to Canoco for Windows: Software for Canonical Community Ordination (version 4), Microcomputer Power, Ithaca, NY, USA, 1998.
  45. M. J. Baeza and V. R. Vallejo, “Vegetation recovery after fuel management in Mediterranean shrublands,” Applied Vegetation Science, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 151–158, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. J. C. Lake and M. R. Leishman, “Invasion success of exotic plants in natural ecosystems: the role of disturbance, plant attributes and freedom from herbivores,” Biological Conservation, vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 215–226, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. J. R. Arévalo and J. M. Fernández-Palacios, “Natural regeneration of Pinus canariensis Chr. Sm. Ex DC in Buch in forest plantations after thinning,” The Open Forest Science Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 54–60, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. K. L. Griffis, J. A. Crawford, M. R. Wagner, and W. H. Moir, “Understory response to management treatments in northern Arizona ponderosa pine forests,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 146, no. 1–3, pp. 239–245, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. C. García-Domínguez, Impacto del fuego en los procesos ecológicos relacionados con el mantenimiento de la diversidad en pinares repoblados de Pinus canariensis [Ph.D. thesis], University of La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain, 2010.
  50. J. R. Arévalo, J. M. Fernández-Palacios, M. J. Jiménez, and P. Gil, “The effect of fire intensity on the understorey species composition of two Pinus canariensis reforested stands in Tenerife (Canary islands),” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 148, no. 1–3, pp. 21–29, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. C. García-Domínguez and J. M. Fernández-Palacios, “Effect of fire intensity on non-native plant species community in a Canarian pine forest three and eleven years after fire,” The Open Forest Science Journal, vol. 2, pp. 70–77, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  52. L. Kokkoris, “Flowering and fruiting phenology of four herbaceous species of Leguminosae in aburned Pinus halepensis forest of Attica, Greece,” Journal of Mediterranean Ecology, vol. 1, pp. 193–200, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  53. C. L. Wienk, C. H. Sieg, and G. R. McPherson, “Evaluating the role of cutting treatments, fire and soil seed banks in an experimental framework in ponderosa pine forests of the Black Hills, South Dakota,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 192, no. 2-3, pp. 375–393, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. R. Arévalo, A. Naranjo, J. M. Fernández-Palacios, and S. Fernández-Lugo, “Ecology and management of natural and reforested Canary Island pine stands,” in Woodlands: Ecology, Management and Conservation, Nova, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  55. D. G. Simard, J. W. Fyles, D. Paré, and T. Nguyen, “Impacts of clearcut harvesting and wildfire on soil nutrient status in the Quebec boreal forest,” Canadian Journal of Soil Science, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 229–237, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. D. J. Pennock and C. van Kessel, “Clear-cut forest harvest impacts on soil quality indicators in the mixedwood forest of Saskatchewan, Canada,” Geoderma, vol. 75, no. 1-2, pp. 13–32, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. G. Certini, “Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review,” Oecologia, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. D. Gillon and M. Rapp, “Nutrient losses during a winter low-intensity prescribed fire in a Mediterranean forest,” Plant and Soil, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 69–77, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. C. P. Giardina and C. C. Rhoades, “Clear cutting and burning affect nitrogen supply, phosphorus fractions and seedling growth in soils from a Wyoming lodgepole pine forest,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 19–28, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. M. J. Gundale, T. H. DeLuca, C. E. Fiedler, P. W. Ramsey, M. G. Harrington, and J. E. Gannon, “Restoration treatments in a Montana ponderosa pine forest: effects on soil physical, chemical and biological properties,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 213, no. 1–3, pp. 25–38, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. M. C. Carter and C. D. Foster, “Prescribed burning and productivity in Southern Pine Forests: a review,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 191, no. 1–3, pp. 93–109, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. P. M. Fernandes and H. S. Botelho, “A review of prescribed burning effectiveness in fire hazard reduction,” International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 117–128, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. G. Xanthopoulos, D. Caballero, M. Galante, D. Alexandrian, E. Rigolot, and R. Marzano, “Forest fuels management in Europe,” in USDA Forest Service Proceedings, pp. 29–46, 2006.
  64. H. Hesseln, J. B. Loomis, and A. González-Cabán, “Comparing the economic effects of fire on hiking demand in Montana and Colorado,” Journal of Forest Economics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 21–35, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. R. T. Brown, J. K. Agee, and J. F. Franklin, “Forest restoration and fire: principles in the context of place,” Conservation Biology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 903–912, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus