The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Methods, Diagnostic Criteria, Cutoff Points, and Prevalence of Sarcopenia among Older People

Table 2

Diagnostic criteria and prevalence of sarcopenia according to gender estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) method ().

Authors, y Country Study design
()
Age (y)Diagnostic criteriaPrevalence (%)
Index Description and reference
population
Cutoff points
Male
(kg/m2)
Female
(kg/m2)
Male
(%)
Female
(%)

1 Janssen et al. 2002 [32]USACross-sectional
NHANES III
(4.504)
≥60SMI%Class 1: −1 to 2 SD below gender-specific mean of young adults (18–39 y)37–31%28–22%44.060.3
Class 2: −2 SD below gender-specific mean of young adults (18–39 y)<31%<22%7.512.2

2 Castillo et al. 2003 [33]USACross-sectional
(1.700)
community-dwelling
55–98SMI%−2 SD below gender-specific mean of young adults from Pichard study47.9%34.7%6.25.9

3 Janssen et al. 2004 [9]USACohort
NHANES III
(4.499)
≥60SMIkg/m2Based on ROC curve analysis for moderate dysfunction8.51–10.755.76–6.7553.121.9
Based on ROC curve analysis for elevated dysfunction≤8.50≤5.7511.29.4

4 Chien et al. 2008 [34]TaiwanCross-sectional
(302)
community-dwelling
≥65SMIkg/m2−2 SD below gender-specific mean of Taiwanese young adults (18 a 40 y)<8.87<6.4223.618.6

5 Tichet et al. 2008 [35] FranceCross-sectional
(218)
volunteers of healthcare centers
60–78SMI%−2 SD below gender-specific mean of French young adults (18 a 39 y)34.4%26.6%12.523.6
SMIkg/m2−2 SD below gender-specific mean of young adults (18 a 39 y)8.66.23.62.8

6 Bahat et al. 2010 [36]TurkeyCohort
(217)
male nursing home residents
>60ASC−2 SD below gender-specific mean of young adults from control group (24–45 y).29.6 kg/ASC85.4

7 Landi et al. 2012 [10, 37]ItalyCross-sectional
(122)
Nursing home residents
>70SMI (kg/m2)−2 SD below gender-specific mean of Italian young adults (18 a 40 y)<8.87<6.4268.021.0

8 Masanes et al. 2012 [38]SpainCohort
(200)
70–80−2 SD below gender-specific mean of Spanish young adults (20 a 40 y)<8.256.6810.033.0

SMIkg/m2: skeletal muscle index: muscle mass calculated using the bioelectrical impedance analysis equation of Janssen et al. (2000) [3]/height2.
SMI%: skeletal muscle index: muscle mass calculated using the bioelectrical impedance analysis equation of Janssen et al. (2000) [3]/weight × 100.
NHANES III: National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys.

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