The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Deep Tissue Massage and Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs for Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Trial

Table 1

Criteria for inclusion or exclusion.

Inclusion in the studyExclusion from the study

Age range: 40–60 years oldAge range: <40 years old or age >60 years old
Pain lasting longer than 7 weeks (chronic)Acute pain
VAS1 ≥ 25 mm of 100 mm VAS1 < 25 mm of 100 mm 
VAS2 ≥ 25 mm of 100 mm VAS2 < 25 mm of 100 mm
Lack of excluding factors mentioned in the right column of the table Injection of local anesthetic 
Patients after surgical procedures around spine or in the abdominal area 
Neurological signs present 
Compression of spinal nerve root confirmed by specific imaging techniques: computer tomography, myelography, or magnetic resonance imaging
Other diagnostic techniques, for example, electromyography, venography 
Diagnosis of
(i) metastasis,
(ii) vertebral fractures,
(iii) spondylolisthesis,
(iv) ankylosing spondylitis,
(v) increased temperature (fever),
(vi) pregnancy,
(vii) inflammatory and acute ailments
Nonsteroid anti-inflammatory therapy during the last 3 months or strong analgesic therapy (opioid and stronger) 
Allergy to ingredients of nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs
Informed consent of the patient to take part in the study Lack of informed consent of the patient to take part in the study