The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

Deep Tissue Massage and Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs for Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized Trial

Table 3

Results of the visual analogue scale (VAS), Roland-Morris questionnaire (RM), and Oswestry disability index (ODI) before treatment (baseline test value) and after treatment (end test value).

TestGroupBaseline test valueEnd test valueWilcoxon test significance levelDifference value

VAS1Treatment58.3 [18.2]42.2 [21.1]*16.1
Control51.8 [18.8]30.6 [21.9]*21.2

VAS2Treatment56.1 [19.0]36.5 [20.6]*19.6
Control55.9 [16.6]31.2 [21.2]*24.7

VAS3Treatment47.4 [23.2]33.5 [21.9]*13.9
Control41.8 25.3 [19.4]*16.5

RMTreatment9.8 [5.1]6.4 [4.4]*3.4
Control9.3 [5.5]6.1 [4.6]*3.2

ODITreatment29.2 [17.0]21.0 [15.1]*8.2
Control21.4 [9.4]16.6 [9.4]*4.8

The values are given as mean with standard deviation in square brackets.
Significance at .
VAS1—the pain intensity during resting; VAS2—the pain intensity during motion; VAS3—the pain intensity during mobility of the aching area of the spine.