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This article has been retracted as it was found to contain a substantial amount of material from the following published article: “A Graph-Based Ant Colony Optimization Approach for Process Planning,” by JinFeng Wang, XiaoLiang Fan, and Shuting Wan, in The Scientific World Journal.

View the original article here.


  1. J. Wang, X. Fan, and H. Ding, “An improved ant colony optimization approach for optimization of process planning,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, Article ID 294513, 15 pages, 2014.
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 294513, 15 pages
Research Article

An Improved Ant Colony Optimization Approach for Optimization of Process Planning

School of Energy, Power and Mechanical Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China

Received 25 April 2014; Accepted 9 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Xin-She Yang

Copyright © 2014 JinFeng Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [1 citation]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Xiaolei Zhang, Yan Zhao, Nianmao Deng, and Kai Guo, “Dynamic Path Planning Algorithm for a Mobile Robot Based on Visible Space and an Improved Genetic Alcorithm,” International Journal Of Advanced Robotic Systems, vol. 13, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar