Table 2: Potential cases of mislabelling, redundancies, homonymy, and synonymy identified by microsatellite fingerprinting on 489 Italian olive varieties.

Possible cases of synonyms Genotype

“Carolea Cefaly”—“Carolea Mirto”1
“Carolea Cetraro”—“Carolea Rossi”2
“Cima di Mola”—“Ogliarola salentina”3
“Leccino Dwarf”—“Leccino Minerva” (plant 1)—“Leccino Pisa” (plants 4 and 9)4
“Majorca”—“Manna”5
“Mele”—“Nolca”6
“Nera di Gonnos”—“Tonda di Cagliari”7
“Nera di Oliena”—“Terza piccola”8
“Nera di Villacidro”—“Terza grande”9
“Ogliarola del Bradano” (plant 1)—“Taggiasca”—“Casaliva”—“Ogliarola barese”—“Ogliarola garganica”—“Correggiolo”—“Correggiolo Montegridolfo”—“Correggiolo Pallese”—“Frantoio” (plants 1/7 − 10)—“Frantoio FC”—“Frantoio Villa Verrucchio”—“Frantoio Montegridolfo”10

Plants with the same genotypes (G)

“Arnasca” (plants 1, 2, 3, and 4)“Arnasca G”
“Buscionetto” (plants 2 and 3)“Buscionetto G”
“Canino” (plants 1 and 2)“Canino G”
“Coratina” (plants 1, 2 and 3)“Coratina G”
“Frantoio” (plants 8 and 9)
“Gentile di Larino” (plants 1 and 5)
“Frantoio G”
“Gentile di Larino G”
“Iacona” (plants 1 and 2)“Iacona G”
“Leccino” (plants 3 and 4)“Leccino G1”
“Leccino” (plants 6, 7, 8, and 9)“Leccino G2”
“Maiatica di Ferrantina” (plants 1 and 2)“Maiatica Ferrantina G”
“Moresca” (plants 1 and 2)“Moresca G”
“Nocellara del Belice” (plants 1 and 2)“Nocellara del Belice G”
“Nocellara Nissena” (plants 1 and 2)“Nocellara Nissena G”
“Pirunara” (plants 1 and 2)“Pirunara G”
“Rotondella di sanza” (plants 1 and 2)“Rotondella di sanza G”
“San Felice Acquasparta” (plants 4 and 5)“San Felice Acquasparta G”

Possible cases of synonyms: plants with different genotypes (one allele)

“Cazzarella” and “Sperone di gallo”
“Giarraffa” and “Pizzo di corvo”
“Grossa di Venafro” and “Paesana nera”
“Leccino 1” and “Leccino 10”
“Maurino” (plants 1 and 3)
“Moraiolo” (plants 1 and 3)
“Moraiolo” (plants 2 and 4)
“Nera di Oliena” and “Paschixedda”
“Nostrana di Brisighella” (plants 2 and 4)
“Paesana bianca” and “Rosciola di Rotello”
“Pendolino” (plants 2 and 5)
“Racemo 1” and “Coratina” (plants 1, 2, and 3)
“Rossina” and “Selvatico”
“Toccolana” and “Olivetta nera”

Possible cases of synonyms: plants with different genotypes (two alleles)

“Ascolana dura” and “Ascolana semitenera”
“Dolce di Andria” and “Termite di Bitetto”
“Gentile nera di Colletorto” and “Noccioluta”
“Ginestrino” and “Maurino” (plants 2 or 4)
“Leccio del Corno 2” and “Piangente 3”
“Maurino” (plants 2 and 4)
“Moraiolo” (plants 4 and 5)
“Nerba” and “Olivo di Castiglione”
“Nostrale di Fiano Romano” and “Raza”
“Paschixedda” and “Terza piccola”
“Pendolino” (plants 1 and 5)
“Pendolino” (plants 3 and 4)

Homonyms: plants with different genotypes (from three to nine alleles)

“Buscionetto 1” and “Buscionetto G”
“Cucca” (plants 1 and 2)
“Erbano” (plants 1 and 2)
“Faresana” (plants 1 and 2)
“Leccino G1” and “Leccino G2”
“Leccino 2” and “Leccino G1”
“Leccino” (plants 2 and 10)
“Leccino Minerva” (plants 1 and 2)
“Moraiolo” (plants 1 and 5)
“Nostrana di Brisighella” (plants 1 and 3)
“Ogliarola messinese” (plants 1 and 2)
“Pendolino” (plants 1 and 3)
“Piangente” (plants 1 and 3)
“Pizzo di corvo” (plants 1 and 2)
“Razzo” (plants 1 and 2)
“Turdunazza antimosca” (plants 1 and 2)
“Vallanella” (plants 1 and 2)

Homonyms: plants with different genotypes (ten or more alleles)

“Arnasca 4” and “Arnasca G”
“Giarraffa” (plants 1 and 2)
“Leccio del Corno” (plants 1 and 2)
“Minuta” (plants 1 and 2)
“Minuta” (plants1 and 3)
“Minuta” (plants 2 and 3)
“Ogliarola del Bradano” (plants 1 and 2)
“Piangente” (plants 1 and 2)
“Racioppa” (plants 1 and 2)
“Romanella” (plants 1 and 2)
“San Felice Acquasparta” (plants 1 and 2)
“San Felice Acquasparta” (plants 2 and 3)
“San Felice Acquasparta 3” and “San Felice Acquasparta G”
“Sargano” (plants 1 and 2)