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Retracted

The Scientific World Journal has retracted this article. Figures (c) and (f) were reused from Figures (c) and (d) in an article by the same authors, Kadir et al. [2].

An institutional investigation by the University of Malaya found there was no system to index and file data and images to avoid mislabeling and mishandling, which led to errors and duplication of research data. The authors did not thoroughly check the manuscript before submission.

The authors said that both images ((c) and (d)) in Figure in [1] are correct and the same as illustrated in the thesis by Kadir [3]. Panel (c) in both figures represented the same reference group (silymarin group-SY) because they ran two experiments in rats treated with different plants, but with the same reference group. This is also illustrated in Kadir’s thesis [3]. Therefore, panel (c) is correct in both Figure (c) in [1] and Figure (c) in [2]. However, Figure (f) was mistakenly uploaded in this article, which probably happened due to incorrect labelling during data collection. This is also illustrated in the thesis [3].

The authors offered to provide replacement figures, but the Editorial Board recommended retraction.

View the full Retraction here.

References

  1. F. A. Kadir, N. M. Kassim, M. A. Abdulla, B. Kamalidehghan, F. Ahmadipour, and W. A. Yehye, “PASS-predicted hepatoprotective activity of Caesalpinia sappan in thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis in rats,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, Article ID 301879, 12 pages, 2014.
  2. F. A. Kadir, N. M. Kassim, M. A. Abdulla, and W. A. Yehye, “Hepatoprotective role of ethanolic extract of Vitex negundo in thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis in male rats,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 739850, 9 pages, 2013.
  3. F. A. Kadir, Hepatoprotective role of vitex negundo and caesalpinia sappan in thioacetamide-induced liver injury in rats [Ph.D. thesis], University Malaya, 2014.
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 301879, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/301879
Research Article

PASS-Predicted Hepatoprotective Activity of Caesalpinia sappan in Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats

1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT), University of Malaya, Block 3A, Institute of Postgraduate Studies Building, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 22 October 2013; Accepted 5 January 2014; Published 20 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. G. Clark, M. Pretterklieber, and M. Tsang

Copyright © 2014 Farkaad A. Kadir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [12 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Daleya Abdulaziz Bardi, Mohammed Farouq Halabi, Pouya Hassandarvish, Elham Rouhollahi, Mohammadjavad Paydar, Soheil Zorofchian Moghadamtousi, Nahla Saeed Al-Wajeeh, Abdulwali Ablat, Nor Azizan Abdullah, and Mahmood Ameen Abdulla, “Andrographis paniculata Leaf Extract Prevents Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Cirrhosis in Rats,” Plos One, vol. 9, no. 10, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Azhar Ariffin, Noorsaadah Abdul Rahman, Wageeh A. Yehye, Abeer A. Alhadi, and Farkaad A. Kadir, “PASS-assisted design, synthesis and antioxidant evaluation of new butylated Hydroxytoluene derivatives,” European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Peter Surai, “Silymarin as a Natural Antioxidant: An Overview of the Current Evidence and Perspectives,” Antioxidants, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 204–247, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yumna Fazal, Syeda Nuzhat Fatima, Syed Muhammad Shahid, and Tabassum Mahboob, “Effects of curcumin on angiotensin-converting enzyme gene expression, oxidative stress and anti-oxidant status in thioacetamide-induced hepatotoxicity,” Journal Of The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 1046–1051, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mohammed Matin, Amit Nath, Omar Saad, Mohammad Bhuiyan, Farkaad Kadir, Sharifah Abd Hamid, Abeer Alhadi, Md. Ali, and Wageeh Yehye, “Synthesis, PASS-Predication and in Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Benzyl 4-O-benzoyl-α-l-rhamnopyranoside Derivatives,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1412, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Wageeh Yehye, Noorsaadah Abdul Rahman, Omar Saad, Azhar Ariffin, Sharifah Abd Hamid, Abeer Alhadi, Farkaad Kadir, Marzieh Yaeghoobi, and Abdulsalam Matlob, “Rational Design and Synthesis of New, High Efficiency, Multipotent Schiff Base-1,2,4-triazole Antioxidants Bearing Butylated Hydroxytoluene Moieties,” Molecules, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 847, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Priyanka Pahwa, and Rajesh Kumar Goel, “Asparagus adscendens root extract enhances cognition and protects against scopolamine induced amnesia: An in-silico and in-vivo studies,” Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Helmi Moqbel, Seham Salah El Dine El Hawary, Nadia Mohammed Sokkar, El Motaz Bellah El-Naggar, Noha El Boghdady, and Ali Mahmoud El Halawany, “HPLC-ESI-MS/MS characterization of phenolics in prunus amygdalus, cultivar “umm alfahm” and its antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity,” Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Syed Tawab Shah, Wageeh A Yehya, Omer Saad, Khanom Simarani, Zaira Chowdhury, Abeer A. Alhadi, and Lina Al-Ani, “Surface Functionalization of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles with Gallic Acid as Potential Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Agents,” Nanomaterials, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 306, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Andréia C.F. Salgueiro, Vanderlei Folmer, Felipa E.M. Bassante, Márcia H.S. Cardoso, Hemerson S. da Rosa, and Gustavo O. Puntel, “Predictive Antidiabetic Activities of Plants Used by Persons with Diabetes mellitus,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Abdoh Taleb, Khalil Ali Ahmad, Awais Ullah Ihsan, Jia Qu, Na Lin, Kamal Hezam, Nirmala Koju, Lei Hui, and Ding Qilong, “Antioxidant effects and mechanism of silymarin in oxidative stress induced cardiovascular diseases,” Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, vol. 102, pp. 689–698, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar