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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 347360, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/347360
Research Article

In the Search of Fundamental Inner Bond Strength of Solid Elements

Ceramic Department, Materials and Energy Research Center, P.O. Box 31787-316, Karaj, Iran

Received 14 August 2013; Accepted 30 October 2013; Published 2 March 2014

Academic Editors: L. Y. Chen and N. Lisitza

Copyright © 2014 Maziar Sahba Yaghmaee and Reza Riahifar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In order to understand the physics behind the surface properties and nano-scale phenomena, we are motivated first to investigate the inner bond strengths as well as the effect of number of neighboring atoms and their relative distance in addition to space positions (crystallography). Therefore, in order to study the effect of the nature of metallic bond on their physico-chemical properties, we first tried to investigate and introduce a mathematical model for transforming the bulk molar cohesion energy into microscopic bond strengths between atoms. Then an algorithm for estimating the nature of bond type including the materials properties and lattice scale “cutoff” has been proposed. This leads to a new fundamental energy scale free from the crystallography and number of atoms. The results of our model in case of fundamental energy scale of metals not only perfectly describe the inter relation between binding and melting phenomena but also adequately reproduce the bond strength for different bond types with respect to other estimations reported in literatures. The generalized algorithm and calculation methodology introduced here by us are suggested to be used for developing energy scale of bulk crystal materials to explain or predict any particular materials properties related to bond strengths of metallic elements.