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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 372838, 14 pages
Research Article

Evaluation of Resilient Modulus of Subgrade and Base Materials in Indiana and Its Implementation in MEPDG

1INDOT Office of Research and Development, 1205 Montgomery Street, West Lafayette, IN 47906, USA
2INDOT Materials and Testing, 100 N. Senate Avenue, Indianapolis, IN 46204, USA
3Department of Civil Engineering, Chosun University, 375 Seosuk-Dong, Dong-Gu, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea

Received 20 August 2013; Accepted 17 November 2013; Published 20 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. N. Amirkhanian and I. Shahrour

Copyright © 2014 Richard Ji et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In order to implement MEPDG hierarchical inputs for unbound and subgrade soil, a database containing subgrade , index properties, standard proctor, and laboratory for 140 undisturbed roadbed soil samples from six different districts in Indiana was created. The data were categorized in accordance with the AASHTO soil classifications and divided into several groups. Based on each group, this study develops statistical analysis and evaluation datasets to validate these models. Stress-based regression models were evaluated using a statistical tool (analysis of variance (ANOVA)) and Z-test, and pertinent material constants (, and ) were determined for different soil types. The reasonably good correlations of material constants along with with routine soil properties were established. Furthermore, FWD tests were conducted on several Indiana highways in different seasons, and laboratory resilient modulus tests were performed on the subgrade soils that were collected from the falling weight deflectometer (FWD) test sites. A comparison was made of the resilient moduli obtained from the laboratory resilient modulus tests with those from the FWD tests. Correlations between the laboratory resilient modulus and the FWD modulus were developed and are discussed in this paper.