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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 391690, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/391690
Review Article

Review of Development Survey of Phase Change Material Models in Building Applications

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Technology Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
2Machine and Mechanical Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Baqubah Technical Institute, Foundation of Technical Education, Baghdad, Iraq

Received 9 May 2014; Revised 17 August 2014; Accepted 21 August 2014; Published 11 September 2014

Academic Editor: Guobing Zhou

Copyright © 2014 Hussein J. Akeiber et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The application of phase change materials (PCMs) in green buildings has been increasing rapidly. PCM applications in green buildings include several development models. This paper briefly surveys the recent research and development activities of PCM technology in building applications. Firstly, a basic description of phase change and their principles is provided; the classification and applications of PCMs are also included. Secondly, PCM models in buildings are reviewed and discussed according to the wall, roof, floor, and cooling systems. Finally, conclusions are presented based on the collected data.