Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 396987, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/396987
Clinical Study

Retrospective Review on the Use of Topical Cyclosporin A 0.05% for Paediatric Allergic Conjunctivitis in Hong Kong Chinese

Department of Ophthalmology, Caritas Medical Center, 111 Wing Hong Street, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Received 15 July 2014; Accepted 17 September 2014; Published 15 October 2014

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick

Copyright © 2014 Macy M. S. Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Palmares, L. Delgado, M. Cidade, M. J. Quadrado, and H. P. Filipe, “Allergic conjunctivitis: a national cross-sectional study of clinical characteristics and quality of life,” European Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 257–264, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. F. Smith, A. D. Pitt, A. E. Rodruiguez et al., “The economic and quality of life impact of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis in a Spanish setting,” Ophthalmic Epidemiology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 233–242, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. J. Singh, R. S. K. Loh, and J. A. Bradbury, “Demographic study of paediatric allergic conjunctivitis within a multiethnic patient population,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 87, no. 9, pp. 1195–1196, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. W. Spraul and G. K. Lang, “Allergic and atopic diseases of the lid, conjunctiva, and cornea,” Current Opinion in Ophthalmology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 21–26, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Belfort, P. Marbeck, C. C. Hsu, and D. Freitas, “Epidemiological study of 134 subjects with allergic conjunctivitis,” Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, Supplement, vol. 78, no. 230, pp. 38–40, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. Strachan, B. Sibbald, S. Weiland et al., “Worldwide variations in prevalence of symptoms of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in children: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC),” Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 161–176, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. O. L. Fok and G. W. K. Wong, “What have we learnt from ISAAC phase III in the Asia-Pacific rim?” Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 116–122, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. Y. L. Leung, “A practical approach to management of allergic conditions in children,” Journal of Paediatric Respirology and Critical Care, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 4–10, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  9. RESTASIS, “Prescribing Information—Allergan,” http://www.allergan.com/assets/pdf/restasis_pi.pdf.
  10. M. Hingorani, L. Moodaley, V. L. Calder, R. J. Buckley, and S. Lightman, “A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of topical cyclosporin A in steroid-dependent atopic keratoconjunctivitis,” Ophthalmology, vol. 105, no. 9, pp. 1715–1720, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. K. Akpek, J. K. Dart, S. Watson et al., “A randomized trial of topical cyclosporine 0.05% in topical steroid resistant atopic keratoconjunctivitis,” Ophthalmology, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 476–482.
  12. A. A. Ozcan, T. R. Ersoz, and E. Dulger, “Management of severe allergic conjunctivitis with topical cyclosporin A 0.05% eyedrops,” Cornea, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1035–1038, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. U. Keklikci, S. I. Soker, Y. B. Sakalar, K. Unlu, S. Ozekinci, and S. Tunik, “Efficacy of topical cyclosporin A 0.05% in conjunctival impression cytology specimens and clinical findings of severe vernal keratoconjunctivitis in children,” Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 357–362, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Pucci, R. Caputo, F. Mori et al., “Long-term safety and efficacy of topical cyclosporine in 156 children with vernal keratoconjunctivitis,” International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 865–871, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. Zachariae, U. Lei, M. Haedersdal, and C. Zachariae, “Itch severity and quality of life in patients with pruritus: preliminary validity of a danish adaptation of the itch severity scale,” Acta Dermato-Venereologica, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 508–514, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. M. Mamolo, A. G. Bushmakin, and J. C. Cappelleri, “Application of the Itch Severity Score in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis: clinically important difference and responder analyses,” Journal of Dermatological Treatment, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. S. J. Ono and M. B. Abelson, “Allergic conjunctivitis: update on pathophysiology and prospects for future treatment,” The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 118–122, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Del Cuvillo, J. Sastre, J. Montoro et al., “Allergic conjunctivitis and H1 antihistamines,” Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology, vol. 19, supplement 1, pp. 11–18, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Rosario and L. Bielory, “Epidemiology of allergic conjunctivitis,” Current Opinion in Allergy & Clinical Immunology, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 471–476, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. K. H. Wan, L. J. Chen, S. S. Rong, C. P. Pang, and A. L. Young, “Topical cyclosporine in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis: a meta-analysis,” Ophthalmology, vol. 120, no. 11, pp. 2197–2203, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. Y. Nochez, A. Denoyer, and P.-J. Pisella, “0.05% cyclosporine a for treatment of chronic severe ocular surface disease,” Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 406–411, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Meyer, “A step-care approach to the management of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis,” South African Family Practice, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 45–46, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar