Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 408613, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/408613
Research Article

In-Band Asymmetry Compensation for Accurate Time/Phase Transport over Optical Transport Network

Telecommunication Laboratories, Chunghwa Telecom Co., Ltd., No. 99, Dianyan Road, Taoyuan County, Yangmei City 32601, Taiwan

Received 2 January 2014; Accepted 19 March 2014; Published 10 April 2014

Academic Editors: H. R. Karimi, X. Yang, and Z. Yu

Copyright © 2014 Sammy Siu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Bari, J. Jiang, W. Saad, and A. Jaekel, “Challenges in the smart grid applications: an overview,” International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, vol. 2014, Article ID 974682, 11 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. D. Schneider, “The microsecond market,” IEEE Spectrum, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 66–81, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. P. Kartaschoff, “Synchronization in digital communications networks,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 79, no. 7, pp. 1019–1028, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Magee, “Synchronization in next-generation mobile backhaul networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 110–116, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J.-L. Ferrant, M. Gilson, S. Jobert et al., Synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588 in Telecoms: Next Generation Synchronization Networks, Wiley-ISTE, 2013.
  6. ITU-T Recommendation G.8275, Architecture and Requirements for Packet-Based Time and Phase Delivery, 2013.
  7. ITU-T Recommendation G.709/Y.1331, Interfaces for the Optical Transport Network (OTN), December 2009.
  8. K. Hann, S. Jobert, and S. Rodrigues, “Synchronous ethernet to transport frequency and phase/time,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 50, no. 8, pp. 152–160, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. J.-L. Ferrant, M. Gilson, S. Jobert et al., “Development of the first IEEE 1588 telecom profile to address mobile backhaul needs,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 118–126, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Ruffini, “Time sync distribution via PTP challenges, asymmetries, solutions,” in Proceedings of the International Telecom Sync Forum (ITSF '11), pp. 3–37, 2011.
  11. M. Ouellette, K. Ji, S. Liu, and H. Li, “Using IEEE 1588 and boundary clocks for clock synchronization in telecom networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 164–171, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Ouellette, G. Garner, and S. Jobert, “Simulations of a chain of telecom boundary clocks combined with synchronous ethernet for phase/time transfer,” in Proceedings of the International IEEE Symposium on Precision Clock Synchronization for Measurement, Control, and Communication (ISPCS '11), pp. 105–113, Munich, Germany, September 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Cochrane, J. E. Bailey, P. Lake, and A. Carlson, “Wavelength-dependent measurements of optical-fiber transit time, material dispersion, and attenuation,” Applied Optics, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 150–156, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. “IEEE standard for a precision clock synchronization protocol for networked measurement and control systems,” IEEE Std 1588-2008, Revision of IEEE Std 1588-2002, July 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. ITU-T Recommendation G.984.3, Amendment 2: Time-of-day distribution and maintenance and clarifications, 2008.
  16. ITU-T Recommendation G.8251, “The Control of Jitter and Wander within the Optical Transport Network (OTN),” November 2010.
  17. J.-L. Ferrant, G. M. Garner, M. Mayer, J. Rahn, S. Rodrigues, and S. Ruffini, “OTN timing aspects,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 62–69, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. ITU-T, Network Limits for Time Synchronization in Packets Networks, ITU-T Recommendation G.8271.1, 2013.