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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 413614, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/413614
Research Article

Characterization of Toxic Metals in Tobacco, Tobacco Smoke, and Cigarette Ash from Selected Imported and Local Brands in Pakistan

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia
2Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia
3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
4Information Technology Department, University of Haripur, Pakistan

Received 3 August 2013; Accepted 13 November 2013; Published 2 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. K. Akal Solmaz and J. R. Ruelas-Inzunza

Copyright © 2014 Huma Ajab et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [5 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Girma Regassa, and Bhagwan Singh Chandravanshi, “Levels of heavy metals in the raw and processed Ethiopian tobacco leaves,” SpringerPlus, vol. 5, no. 1, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Britt-Marie Sundblad, Jie Ji, Bettina Levanen, Klara Midander, Anneli Julander, Kjell Larsson, Lena Palmberg, and Anders Linden, “Extracellular cadmium in the bronchoalveolar space of long-term tobacco smokers with and without COPD and its association with inflammation,” International Journal Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, vol. 11, pp. 1005–1013, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zainab Manzoor Memon, Erkan Yilmaz, and Mustafa Soylak, “Switchable solvent based green liquid phase microextraction method for cobalt in tobacco and food samples prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination,” Journal of Molecular Liquids, vol. 229, pp. 459–464, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ting Ren, Xi Chen, Yao Ge, Lijiao Zhao, and Rugang Zhong, “Determination of heavy metals in cigarettes using high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry,” Anal. Methods, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Celso Muller Bandeira, Adriana Ávila de Almeida, Celina Faig Lima Carta, Alaor Aparecido Almeida, Fellipe Augusto Tocchini de Figueiredo, Valeria Cristina Sandrim, Antonio José Gonçalves, and Janete Dias Almeida, “Tobacco influence in heavy metals levels in head and neck cancer cases,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar