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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 413926, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/413926
Research Article

Reporting Misconduct of a Coworker to Protect a Patient: A Comparison between Experienced Nurses and Nursing Students

1Department of Philosophy, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, 84105 Beer Sheva, Israel
2Department of Public Health, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, 84105 Beer Sheva, Israel
3Department of Nursing, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, 84105 Beer Sheva, Israel

Received 9 July 2014; Accepted 26 August 2014; Published 14 October 2014

Academic Editor: Javier Garcia Campayo

Copyright © 2014 Abraham Mansbach et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. Whistleblowing is the reporting of illegal, immoral, or illegitimate practices to persons or organizations that may affect the action. The current study compares experienced nurses to nursing students regarding their willingness to blow the whistle to protect a patient’s interests. Methods. 165 participants were divided into two groups: 82 undergraduate nursing students and 83 experienced nurses. Participants responded to two vignettes that described a colleague’s and a manager’s misconduct at work. Results. The nursing students perceived the severity of the misconduct significantly lower compared to the experienced nurses. The nursing students also ranked the internal and external whistleblowing indices higher than the nurses, but the differences did not reach statistical significance. For each of the examined internal and external indices, professional experience was found to be significant in multivariate regression analyses. Conclusions. Even though nursing students perceived the severity of the misconduct significantly lower than the experienced nurses, the students demonstrated a greater readiness to blow the whistle, both internally and externally. Recommendations for handling comparable situations are offered.