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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 419803, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/419803
Research Article

Management of Head and Neck Pseudoaneurysms: A Review of 33 Consecutive Cases

1Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
2Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA

Received 30 June 2014; Accepted 16 August 2014; Published 27 October 2014

Academic Editor: Stephen J. Monteith

Copyright © 2014 Eliza Anderson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Endosaccular coiling, vessel occlusion, stenting, stent-assisted coiling, and flow diversion are all endovascular treatment options for pseudoaneurysms (PAs) of the head and neck. We explore different clinical situations in which these were selected for PA management at a single institution. Methods. Over a period of ten years, 33 patients presented to our hospital with PAs of the head and neck. Their outcomes and procedural complications are discussed. Results. We observed a complication rate of 18.2% (6 of 33), consisting predominantly of infarcts following vessel occlusion. As measured by the modified Rankin Scale, 25 (75.8%) patients had achieved favorable outcomes on discharge. A single patient who was treated with stent-assisted coiling expired following procedural complications. Conclusions. In our series, most patients with traumatic/iatrogenic PAs were successfully treated with parent vessel sacrifice. When parent vessel occlusion is not an option, stenting with or without coiling, or flow diversion, may also be safe and effective alternatives.