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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 456483, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/456483
Clinical Study

Effect of Aerobics Exercise on Self-Esteem in Iranian Female Adolescents Covered by Welfare Organization

1Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing Education Department, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 81746-73461, Iran
2Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing Education Department, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Student Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Psychiatric Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5Department of Exercise Rehab, Faculty of Exercise Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81744, Iran

Received 29 July 2014; Accepted 3 November 2014; Published 25 December 2014

Academic Editor: Nizal Sarrafzadegan

Copyright © 2014 Marzieh Hasanpour et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Deprivation of parents might decrease self-esteem (SE) and result in affective and social incompatibility. In this randomized control trial, we examined the effect of aerobics exercise on SE among female adolescents living with no natural family. Materials and Methods. The sample consisted of all female adolescents aged 13 to 19 years (: 72) who were covered by Isfahan Welfare organization. Participants were assigned into intervention and control groups by matched random sampling. Intervention included 8 weeks of aerobics exercise. Coppersmith SE inventory was administered before and after intervention as well as after one month follow-up. Results. No significant difference was seen between pre-SE scores of intervention and control groups (, ). A significant difference was obtained in post-SE scores ( versus , , ) and in one month follow-up scores ( versus , , ). Discussion. The results demonstrated a low level of pre-SE in both groups. However, a significant improvement was seen in posttest of intervention group which persisted even one month after intervention. It supports the use of aerobics for female adolescents deprived from family life.