Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 473651, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/473651
Research Article

Spatial Heterogeneity of Soil Chemical Properties in a Subtropical Karst Forest, Southwest China

1Key Laboratory of Beibu Gulf Environment Change and Resources Utilization of Ministry of Education, Guangxi Teachers Education University, Nanning 530001, China
2School of Chemistry and Life Science, Guangxi Teachers Education University, Nanning 530001, China

Received 19 September 2013; Accepted 10 December 2013; Published 12 February 2014

Academic Editors: V. J. Jaramillo and S. Rossi

Copyright © 2014 Zhonghua Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Imhoff, A. Pires da Silva, and C. A. Tormena, “Spatial heterogeneity of soil properties in areas under elephant-grass short-duration grazing system,” Plant and Soil, vol. 219, no. 1-2, pp. 161–168, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. Wang, P. P. Mou, J. Huang, and J. Wang, “Spatial heterogeneity of soil nitrogen in a subtropical forest in China,” Plant and Soil, vol. 295, no. 1-2, pp. 137–150, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. N. R. Critchley, B. J. Chambers, J. A. Fowbert, R. A. Sanderson, A. Bhogal, and S. C. Rose, “Association between lowland grassland plant communities and soil properties,” Biological Conservation, vol. 105, no. 2, pp. 199–215, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Lin, D. Wheeler, J. Bell, and L. Wilding, “Assessment of soil spatial variability at multiple scales,” Ecological Modelling, vol. 182, no. 3-4, pp. 271–290, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Sui, X. D. Zhang, K. Meng, and S. J. Herbert, “Spatial variability of nutrient properties in black soil of northeast China,” Pedosphere, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 19–29, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Gallardo, “Spatial variability of soil properties in a floodplain forest in northwest Spain,” Ecosystems, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 564–576, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. J. Sauer, C. A. Cambardella, and D. W. Meek, “Spatial variation of soil properties relating to vegetation changes,” Plant and Soil, vol. 280, no. 1-2, pp. 1–5, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y.-Q. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, J.-L. Zhang, and S.-J. Li, “Spatial variability of soil organic carbon in a watershed on the loess plateau,” Pedosphere, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 486–495, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Liu, F.-P. Zeng, T.-Q. Song et al., “Spatial heterogeneity of soil nutrients in Karst area' s Mulun National Nature Reserve,” Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1667–1673, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Enoki, H. Kawaguchi, and G. Iwatsubo, “Topographic variations of soil properties and stand structure in a Pinus thunbergii plantation,” Ecological Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 299–309, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Tateno and H. Takeda, “Forest structure and tree species distribution in relation to topography-mediated heterogeneity of soil nitrogen and light at the forest floor,” Ecological Research, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 559–571, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. John, J. W. Dalling, K. E. Harms et al., “Soil nutrients influence spatial distributions of tropical trees species,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 864–869, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. B. Yavitt, K. E. Harms, M. N. Garcia, S. J. Wright, F. He, and M. J. Mirabello, “Spatial heterogeneity of soil chemical properties in a lowland tropical moist forest, Panama,” Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 674–687, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. Janssens, A. Peeters, J. R. B. Tallowin et al., “Relationship between soil chemical factors and grassland diversity,” Plant and Soil, vol. 202, no. 1, pp. 69–78, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. K. Wijesinghe, E. A. John, and M. J. Hutchings, “Does pattern of soil resource heterogeneity determine plant community structure? An experimental investigation,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 99–112, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. X. Yuan, Karst of China, Geological Publishing House, Beijing, China, 1991.
  17. J. H. Cao, D. X. Yuan, C. Zhang, and Z. C. Jiang, “Karst ecosystem constrained by geological conditions in southwest China,” Earth and Environment, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  18. S.-J. Wang, “The most serious eco-geologically environmental problem in southwestern China—karst rocky desertification,” Acta Metallurgica Sinica, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 120–126, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  19. W. Zhang, H.-S. Chen, K.-L. Wang, Y. Hou, and J.-G. Zhang, “Spatial variability of soil organic carbon and available phosphorus in a typical Karst depression, Northwest of Guangxi,” Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 5168–5175, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. D. Bao, Soil and Agricultural Chemistry Analysis, China Agriculture Press, Beijing, China, 2000.
  21. P. I. Brooker, A Geostatistical Primer, World Scientific, Singapore, 1991.
  22. H. Li and J. F. Reynolds, “On definition and quantification of heterogeneity,” Oikos, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 280–284, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Gallardo, J. J. Rodríguez-Saucedo, F. Covelo, and R. Fernández-Alés, “Soil nitrogen heterogeneity in a Dehesa ecosystem,” Plant and Soil, vol. 222, no. 1-2, pp. 71–82, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. R. Nielsen and J. Bouma, Soil Spatial Variability, Pudoc Wageningen, Wagenigen, The Netherlands, 1985.
  25. D. J. Mulla and A. B. McBratney, “Soil spatial variability,” in Handbook of Soil Science, M. E. Sumner, Ed., pp. 321–352, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  26. C. Zhang, J. Pei, Y. Xie, J. Cao, and L. Wang, “Impact of land use covers upon karst processes in a typical Fengcong depression system of Nongla, Guangxi, China,” Environmental Geology, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 1621–1626, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. M. Petrone, J. S. Price, S. K. Carey, and J. M. Waddington, “Statistical characterization of the spatial variability of soil moisture in a cutover peatland,” Hydrological Processes, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 41–52, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. Liu, Z. Wang, B. Zhang et al., “Spatial distribution of soil organic carbon and analysis of related factors in croplands of the black soil region, Northeast China,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 113, no. 1–4, pp. 73–81, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. B. B. Trangmar, R. S. Yost, and G. Uehara, “Application of geostatistics to spatial studies of soil properties,” Advances in Agronomy, vol. 38, pp. 45–94, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. C. A. Cambardella, T. B. Moorman, J. M. Novak et al., “Field-scale variability of soil properties in central Iowa soils,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 1501–1511, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. Peng, T. Song, F. Zeng et al., “The coupling relationships between vegetation, soil, and topography factors in karst mixed evergreen and deciduous broadleaf forest,” Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 3472–3481, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Y. Zhou, S.-J. Wang, H.-M. Lu, L. Xie, and D. Xiao, “Forest soil heterogeneity and soil sampling protocols on limestone outctops: example from SW China,” Acta Carsologica, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 115–122, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. Z.-H. Zhang, G. Hu, J.-D. Zhu, D.-H. Luo, and J. Ni, “Spatial patterns and interspecific associations of dominant tree species in two old-growth karst forests, SW China,” Ecological Research, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1151–1160, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. S. Raghubanshi, “Effect of topography on selected soil properties and nitrogen mineralization in a dry tropical forest,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 145–150, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M.-T. Sebastiá, “Role of topography and soils in grassland structuring at the landscape and community scales,” Basic and Applied Ecology, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 331–346, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. W. Zhang, H.-S. Chen, K.-L. Wang, Y.-R. Su, J.-G. Zhang, and A.-J. Yi, “The heterogeneity and its influencing factors of soil nutrients in peak-cluster depression areas of karst region,” Agricultural Sciences in China, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 322–329, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. Crowther, “Ecological observations in tropical karst terrain, West Malaysia. II. Rainfall interception, litterfall and nutrient cycling,” Journal of Biogeography, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 145–155, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. E. X. Li, Z. C. Jiang, J. H. Cao, G. H. Jiang, and Y. Deng, “The comparison of properties of karst soil and erosion ratio under different successional stages of karst vegetation in Nongla, Guangxi,” Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1131–1139, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  39. N. C. Brady and R. R. Weil, The Nature and Properties of Soils, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 1999.
  40. Z. H. Zhang, G. Hu, and J. Ni, “Effects of topographical and edaphic factors on the distribution of plant communities in two subtropical karst forests, southwestern China,” Journal of Mountain Science, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 95–104, 2013. View at Google Scholar