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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 498917, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/498917
Research Article

Do We Need to Clamp the Renal Hilum Liberally during the Initial Phase of the Learning Curve of Robot-Assisted Nephron-Sparing Surgery?

1Department of Urology, VKF American Hospital, 34365 Istanbul, Turkey
2School of Medicine, Koc University, 34450 Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Radiology, VKF American Hospital, 34365 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 6 November 2013; Accepted 2 January 2014; Published 11 February 2014

Academic Editors: R. Autorino, S. Cayan, and S. Inman

Copyright © 2014 Ömer Acar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. We aimed to compare the results of our initial robot-assisted nephron-sparing surgeries (RANSS) performed with or without hilar clamping. Material and Method. Charts of the initial RANSSs ( ), which were performed by a single surgeon, were retrospectively reviewed. R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry system, modified Clavien classification, and M.D.R.D. equation were used to record tumoral complexity, complications, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), respectively. Outcomes of the clamped (group 1, ) versus off-clamp (group 2, ) RANSSs were compared. Results. The difference between the two groups was insignificant regarding mean patient age, mean tumor size, and mean R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score. Mean operative time, mean estimated blood loss amount, and mean length of hospitalization were similar between groups. A total of 4 patients in each group suffered 11 Clavien grade ≥2 complications early postoperatively. Open conversion rates were similar. The difference between the 2 groups in terms of the mean postoperative change in eGFR was insignificant. We did not encounter any local recurrence after a mean follow-up of 18.9 months. Conclusions. Creating warm-ischemic conditions during RANSS should not be a liberal decision, even in the initial phases of the learning curve for a highly experienced open surgeon.