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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 560962, 6 pages
Research Article

Development and Characterization of Nanoparticles for the Delivery of Gemcitabine Hydrochloride

Department of Pharmaceutics, SD College Pharmacy, Barnala Punjab 148101, India

Received 31 August 2013; Accepted 27 November 2013; Published 27 January 2014

Academic Editors: K. Kalishwaralal and Z. Wang

Copyright © 2014 Rekha Khaira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Gemcitabine (2,2-difluorodeoxycytidine) is a deoxycytidine analog, currently being used as a first-choice drug in pancreatic metastatic cancer. Gemcitabine is administered weekly as 30-minute infusion with starting dose ranging from 800 to 1250 mg/m2. The aim of the present work was to develop starch nanoparticles (NPs) for the delivery of gemcitabine hydrochloride that could reduce its dose related side effects and may prolong its retention time (24 hrs) for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Nanoparticles were prepared by emulsification diffusion method with slight modifications. Size and morphology of nanoparticles were investigated. Particles were spherical in shape with slightly rough surfaces. Particle size and polydispersity index were 231.4 nm and 1.0, respectively while zeta potential of blank NPs and drug loaded NPs were found to be −11.8 mV and −9.55 mV, respectively. Percent entrapment efficiency of different formulations was around 54% to 65%. In vitro release profile studies showed that around 70%–83% of drug was released from different formulations. Anticancerous cell line studies were also performed in human pancreatic cell lines (MIA-PA-CA-2).