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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 576101, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/576101
Research Article

EPDM Based Double Slope Triangular Enclosure Solar Collector: A Novel Approach

Pakistan Navy Engineering College, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Karachi 75350, Pakistan

Received 30 August 2013; Accepted 4 November 2013; Published 9 February 2014

Academic Editors: A. Acir, H. Filik, and G. M. Tashtoush

Copyright © 2014 Shafiq R. Qureshi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Solar heating is one of the important utilities of solar energy both in domestic and industrial sectors. Evacuated tube heaters are a commonly used technology for domestic water heating. However, increasing cost of copper and nickel has resulted in huge initial cost for these types of heaters. Utilizing solar energy more economically for domestic use requires new concept which has low initial and operating costs together with ease of maintainability. As domestic heating requires only nominal heating temperature to the range of 60–90°C, therefore replacing nickel coated copper pipes with any cheap alternate can drastically reduce the cost of solar heater. We have proposed a new concept which utilizes double slope triangular chamber with EPDM based synthetic rubber pipes. This has reduced the initial and operating costs substantially. A detailed analytical study was carried out to design a novel solar heater. On the basis of analytical design, a prototype was manufactured. Results obtained from the experiments were found to be in good agreement with the analytical study. A maximum error of 10% was recorded at noon. However, results show that error is less than 5% in early and late hours.