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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 581795, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/581795
Review Article

Oral Complications and Management Strategies for Patients Undergoing Cancer Therapy

1Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
2The Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Hong Kong

Received 4 September 2013; Accepted 19 December 2013; Published 8 January 2014

Academic Editors: T. Castroflorio and S. R. Fidel

Copyright © 2014 Hai Ming Wong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With cancer survival rate climbing up over the past three decades, quality of life for cancer patients has become an issue of major concern. Oral health plays an important part in one’s overall quality of life. However, oral health status can be severely hampered by side effects of cancer therapies including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Moreover, prevention and treatment of these complications are often overlooked in clinical practice. The present paper aims at drawing health care professionals’ attention to oral complications associated with cancer therapy by giving a comprehensive review. Brief comments on contemporary cancer therapies will be given first, followed by detailed description of oral complications associated with cancer therapy. Finally, a summary of preventive strategies and treatment options for common oral complications including oral mucositis, oral infections, xerostomia, and dysgeusia will be given.